World Heritage Site: Auschwitz-Birkenau
Theme of project:
World Heritage Site: Oświęcim (Auschwitz-Birkenau)
Authors of project:
Vladimir Ognev, 10th form «B», Daria Zhizdrinskaya, 10th form «B»
Subject of project:
As a subject of the project we consider the influence of a vivid example of Nazi ideology victims on political consciousness and modern society development.
Aim of project:
The aim of our project is to convey the tragedy of Nazi immorality and genocide to the society.
“Our true nationality is mankind”, once said Herbert Wells, a worldwide known English writer. “Human” and “humaneness” are two words that can’t exist separately. Humaneness is a high moral quality and it denotes tolerance and respect to all people around, any religion and nationality. It can not be ignored in no way even in reaching political aims. Flagrant violation of this global moral rule was presented to us by a vivid example of criminal activity in concentration camps.
Herbert George Wells (1866 – 1946)
The concentration camp Oświęcim or Auschwitz-Birkenau is a complex of camps of death located near a small town Oświęcim. In 1939 by a decree of Adolf Hitler they went with the Third Reich’s territory in 60 kilometers to the west from Krakow. Activity in the camp was begun in 1940 and it was completely liberated by the soviet army on the 27th of January 1945.
Auschwitz was included in the list of the World Heritage Sites in 1979 and nowadays is annually visited by millions of tourists. It consists of three camps: Auschwitz-1, Auschwitz-2 and Auschwitz-3. There is a museum now. It is dedicated to murders commited during the World War II and to investigation of the Holocaust under Nazi regime.
The 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz was on the 27th of January 2015 and the UNESCO organisation dedicated a number of events at the headquarters to International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Why we have chosen this topic?
Young people play an important role in every state: some of them create and join nationalistic movements and become followers of Neo-Nazi ideology. They are greatly influenced by politics and the Mass Media. Unfortunately, youngmen focus on what they see and don’t understand. This is undoubtedly dangerous, and, first of all, we want them to think about the results of their wrong position.
This topic is relevant because even nowadays, in the century of long-awaited peace and international tolerance, many people still become victims of political ambitions leading to ruthless ways of reaching their aims.
An activity of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant can be used as an example. The members of the UN Organisation did research and announced the results: eventually about 6, 4 thousand of people were killed by Islamic hitmen and more than 12 thousand were injuried. Only in July 2014 900 of Iraqi citizens became victims. In the north-east of Syria 90 Christians were stolen and 20 Egyptian Christians were executed. The citizens of Paris, France, faced the acts of terrorism not so long ago.
the main part:
How the amount of victims of Nazi regime in Auschwitz-Birkenau can be compared with the amount of fatalities of 3 worst terrorist attacks
The mortality dynamics in Auschwitz-Birkenau (Poland) and Buchenwald (Germany) in 1940 - 1945
The results of project work:
We have made a lot of young people think about possible future of each nation if cruel ideologies are spread and called them not to share such point of view in no way by creating online publications on this topic on popular sites.
At least 1, 4 million prisoners died at Auschwitz and around 90 percent of them were Jewish. This number is nearly similar to the population of Ekaterinburg in Russia, Montevideo in Uruguay, Sophia in Bulgaria. It is one of the bloodiest pages of the world history that allows us to realise what the racial discrimination is.
This year, 2015, we celebrate the 70th anniversary of victory in the war, which doesn’t have analogues in history on its scale. Many lives were sacrificed to exterminate the Nazi ideology, but the more shocking numbers still aren’t mentioned in the statistics. Auschwitz-Birkenau is a UNESCO site that makes everybody to think about many things. It is not just a concentration camp of death, but the place, while visiting which, everyone, inspite of his age, nationality and beliefs, feels as if a part of this isolated space and begins to desire to do all his best, so that the similar situation will never happen again.
Concentration camp – a camp, where people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment.
Ideology – a set of conscious and unconscious ideas which make up one's goals, expectations and motivations.
Hitman – a criminal who commits homicide.
The Holocaust – a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.
Neo-Nazism – modern ideology which borrows elements from Nazi doctrine.
Terrorism – violent acts (or the threat of violent acts) intended to create fear, perpetrated for a religious, political or ideological goal.
Tolerance – willingness to accept feelings, habits or beliefs that are different from your own.
UNESCO – is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).