The Berlin Airlift

By Raghu Chinta, Hr3

Who: Truman Doctrine made it clear that Western Germany was determined to stop the communism. The Soviet Union blocked off many routes to Berlin because that was a key point in the war. The US and UK were involved in flying planes into Berlin to deliver food and supplies.

What: The Berlin Airlift could be called the first battle of the Cold War. It was when western countries delivered much needed food and supplies to the city of Berlin through the air because all the other routes were blocked by the Soviet Union. Without going to war or giving up the city of Berlin, the only other option the western countries had was to fly with the supplies which was a tremendous task. The army predicted that it would take over 1500 tons of food each day to keep the 2 million people in Berlin alive. Over the next ten months, the United States and Great Britain flew around 277000 flights into Berlin. They carried over 2.3 million tons of food and supplies into the city.

Where: The city of Berlin was blockaded by the Soviet Union. Berlin is a city in Germany that the west sent supplies to, through railroads and roads.

Why: The city of Berlin was where the west sent supplies and food via the railroads and roads. So the Soviet Union figured that if they took control over Berlin, then they could cut of the supplies and food.

When: On June 24, 1948 the Soviets blocked all rail and road traffic to Berlin. They cut off electricity also. On May 12, 1949 the Soviet Union stopped the blockade and the airlift was over.

Summary: The Berlin Airlift was a way of helping the citizens of Berlin survive through the blockading of Berlin by Soviet Union. The United States and The United Kingdom sent planes to deliver food and supplies to the people in Berlin. It took a tremendous effort to deliver food and supplies to the people in Berlin but the UK and US managed to do so. After about ten months, the Soviet Union stopped the blockade and the airlift was over.

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