The Bonds in Chemistry
First things first, what are chemical bonds?
Chemical bonds are the mutual attraction of valence electrons and the nucleus of the atom it is attracted to.
The reason why atoms bond is for one simple reason. NOBLE GAS CONFIGURATION
It is a natural law of the Universe for something to want stability. The noble gases have perfect electron configuration, or a full eight electrons in their outer shell, and this gives them perfect stability. What does chemical bonding have to do with stability? An atom will bind itself to another so that it can lower its potential energy, or basically to become stable.
The characteristics of a covalent bond are that it doesn't conduct electricity in water, they aren't very soluble ( dissolvable), and they have low melting points.
What types of bonds are there in Chemistry?
The first one that is on this list is a COVALENT BOND.
A covalent bond is when a nonmetal and a nonmetal share one electron in order for them both to become stable. Covalent bonds form from sharing electrons to obtain the Octet configuration.
The sharing of an electron of a covalent bond is equal as both atoms can use it.
The characteristics of a covalent bond are that it doesn't conduct electricity in water, they aren't very soluble (dissolvable) in water, and they have low melting points.
The second type of bond is an ionic bond.
Ionic bonds occur between a metal and another nonmetal. An ionic compound is made of positive and negative ions that are combined so that the number of positive and negative charges are equal. Most ionic compounds exist like crystalline solids. A way to tell if the compound is truly ionic then find out the difference in their electronegativities and if it is 3.3, then the compound is truly ionic.
A simple way to put this is what happens when your gold digging-wife divorces you. You get ROBBED.
It's kinda a good thing for both parties. The man(metal) gets rid of the thing he didn't need the most, money that he had no use for(electron) and the woman(nonmetal) wants his money(electron) ANYWAY. So both parties have a win-win situation. Ionic bond characteristics are that it conducts electricity when liquid, has a high melting point, and is soluble in water.
Here is an example of an ionic bond:
The third and final one on this list is a metallic bond.
A metallic bond is probably the most simple as it occurs between two metals. Metallic bonding is the electromagnetic reaction between electrons gathered in a electron sea. The characteristics of a metallic bond are that it is very conductive, isn't soluble in water, has a very high melting point, and conducts electricity in liquid form.
An example of a metallic bond: