Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich agreement which forces the Czechoslovak Republic to cede the Sudetenland. Also the key Czechoslovak military defense positions, to Nazi Germany.
September 29, 1938
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a nonaggression agreement.They also sign a secret codicil dividing eastern Europe into spheres of influence.
August 23 1939
The Soviet Union invades Finland, initiating the so-called Winter War. The Finns sue for an armistice and have to cede the northern shores of Lake Lagoda and the small Finnish coastline on the Arctic Sea to the Soviet Union.
November 30, 1939 ~ March 12 1940
Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders on the day of the attack; Norway holds out until June 9.
April 9, 1940~ June 9 19 40
Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria invade and dismember Yugooslavia. Yugoslavia surrenders on April 17. Germany and Bulgaria invade Greece in support of the Italians. Resistance in Greece ceases in early June 1941.
April 6 1941~ June 1941
The British bomb Köln (Cologne), bringing the war home to Germany for the first time. Over the next three years Anglo-American bombing reduces urban Germany.
May 330, 1942
British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt. Sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.
October 23~24, 1942
The Germans launch a massive tank offensive near Kursk in the Soviet Union. The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.
July 5, 1943
Fearing Hungary’s intention to desert the Axis partnership. The Germans occupy Hungary and compel the regent, Admiral Miklos Horthy, to appoint a pro-German minister president.
March 19, 1944
Allied troops liberate Rome. Within six weeks, Anglo-American bombers could hit targets in eastern Germany for the first time.
June 4 1944
Allied troops conquer Okinawa. The last island stop before the Japanese islands.
The United States drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. This killed many people and injured many people.
August 6, 1945
The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
August 8, 1945
The United States drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
August 9, 1945
Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II.
September 2, 1945
Two hours before his scheduled execution,Hermann Goring committed suicide