digital DBQ Project
Continuity and change in the United States

Document A

Author: Channel 9/April 1997/ The History of Mircosoft/Visual Materials/Work, Exchange and Technology/1997


H= The number of women-owned business in Detroit grew 32.9 percent since 1997

P= Purpose, The purpose of Microsoft was to bring new and easy technology to businesses who need resource in order to bring social working in the time being.


Work, Exchange, and Technology

Reflecting on the objective themes Microsoft and fall under work exchange and technology due to how technology changed and created businesses and changed for businesses needs and wants. Microsoft impact society for the people but keeping up with whats new. to impact everyday lives for teacher, students, business men and women and almost a everyday job working environment. significant of the future by better the everyday american life. Microsoft may be little to some but it made a huge impact and significance for the future as it carries on as businesses, movie production,motion capture,webTV, become created more and more schools and job opportunity that conduct Microsoft or apple. Microsoft started everything, it's one of the first computer software to change technology forever, it was the spin off for apple, dell and Samsung.

Minimum Wage in 1997

Document B

Author: Jared Bernstein and John Schmitt/Date:1998/Source Title:Making Work Pay/Source Type:Article/Theme:Work, Exchange and Technology/Year:1998

The Impact of the 1996-97 Minimum Wage Increase

Federal legislation increased the minimum wage from $4.25 to $4.75 on October 1, 1996 and to $5.15 on September 1, 1997. This study examines the impact of these increases on the employment opportunities, wages, and incomes of low-wage workers and their households.

The principal findings are that:

* The 1996 and 1997 minimum wage increases raised the wages of almost 10 million workers. About 71% of these workers were adults and 58% were women. Just under half (46%) worked full time and another third worked 20 to 34 hours per week.

* The average minimum wage worker is responsible for providing more than half (54%) of his or her family’s weekly earnings.

* The two-stage increase disproportionately benefited low-income working households. Although households in the bottom 20% of the income distribution (whose average income is $15,728) receive only 5% of total family income, they received 35% of the benefits from the minimum wage increase.

* Four different tests of the two increases’ employment impact — applied to a large number of demographic groups whose wages are sensitive to the minimum wage — fail to find any systematic, significant job loss associated with the 1996-97 increases. Not only are the estimated employment effects generally economically small and statistically insignificant, they are also almost as likely to be positive as negative.

These empirical results, particularly those showing strong wage gains and no negative impact on job opportunities, are at odds with traditional economic theory, which argues that a rise in the minimum wage must cost jobs. Over the last decade, however, new economic models designed to reconsider low-wage labor markets may help explain the increasingly weak link between the minimum wage and low-wage employment opportunities. These more recent models, often referred to as “dynamic monopsony” models, incorporate the costs of recruiting, training, and motivating low-wage workers, variables neglected by more traditional models. Not only do these new models more realistically reflect the character of the low-wage labor market, but they also offer a better explanation of our central finding: the 1996-97 increase in the minimum wage has proven to be an effective tool for raising the earnings of low-wage workers without lowering their employment opportunities.


H= Impact of minimum wage increase

Point of View: show the amount of minimum wage for 1996 and 1998 and the impact it caused on the lifestyle of  citizens.


The concept of minimum wage reflects the theme by it being about work. You do work to to make money but the money you make it weighted on minimum wage. Historians find this significant in the future because minimum wage goes up every single year. If minimum wage goes up, the cost of living expense goes up as well due to the amount a income one may be the the amount of family members one may have. Raising the minimum wage nationally will increase earnings for billions of workers, and boost the bottom lines of businesses across the country.The federal government regulated the economic life and environment for minimum wage by setting a amount of amount of money per hour that can be earn by a worker to make. This amount is changed every year due to the government changing the cost of living the percentage of those 18 and under marriage, marriage with kids , non- marriage, marriage without kids, and unmarried with kid to help fit and financially stabilize those families who have a minimum wage job.

President Bush Tax Cuts

Document C (Politics and Power)

Author:Mona Lewandoski/Date:May 6,2008/Source Title:The Bush Tax Cuts of 2001 and 2003 A Brief Legislative History/Source Type:Politics and Power/Theme:Essay/Year:2008

President Bush proposed major tax cuts in 2001 and 2003, the first temporarily cutting individual rates and repealing the estate tax, and the second temporarily cutting taxes on corporate dividends and extending the original individual tax cuts. Although they were proposed in different economic situations, both tax cuts fared similarly: the House, under Republican control, was favorably disposed, but the closely-divided Senate created a political bottleneck, and the ultimate size of the tax cut was determined by the limits imposed by Senate moderates from both parties, especially those on the Senate Finance Committee. the Byrd Rule, which attempts to impose order on the budget reconciliation process by precluding consideration of provisions that would increase the deficit or affect Social Security.The year 2001 began with a relatively positive economic forecast, but with some concern of a recession, both of which were cited as reasons to cut taxes. In early 2001, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projected GDP growth of about 2.4 percent for Steven Pearlstein, Fed-Induced Euphoria Begins to Fade, WASH. POST, Jan. 5, 2001. Mike Allen & Glenn Kessler, Bush Says Tax Cut Open To Talks and a Speedup, WASH. POST, Jan. 5, 2001. the coming year, and an average of 3 percent per year from 2002-2011. The President’s budget released in early 2001 projected a 10-year on-budget surplus of $3 trillion (i.e., exclusive of Social Security),3 slightly less than the CBO’s on-budget forecast of $3.1trillion. In 2003, CBO acknowledged that the economy was recovering from the recession of 2001, but was still weak in the business sector, and projected a deficit of $199 billion, including Social Security, if current policies remained in place.  In February 2003, the government reached its $6.4 trillion debt limit, and in April the debt ceiling was increased to $7.39 trillion.124 Between proposed tax cuts and military spending, the White House estimated that the 2003 federal deficit could reach a record-setting $300 billion.

Conditions in Congress were relatively open to expansion of the deficit. Again, Congress had reset the PAYGO scorecard,126 so statutory PAYGO was not a factor. Rules-basedPAYGO in the Senate still existed,127 but the budget resolution specifically allowed consideration of agreed-upon revenue reductions.128 PAYGO, therefore, was even less of a factor than it had been in 2001.129 Largely the same Budget Act rules were in place, limiting reconciliation debate to 20 hours.130 The ink was not dry on the 2001 tax cut before conservatives began calling for an extension of parts of EGTRRA and reductions in corporate and capital gains taxes, which they had proposed in 2001.131 While some had been pleased with EGTRRA, many had criticized its expiration, which set them up to fight the same battle again in 10 years, and argued that the budget and reconciliation rules had distorted tax policy, causing needless complexity and a counterproductive short-term focus.


H=College student paper on President Bush tax cuts in 2001-03

Point of View=The tax cut was to change programs like medicare, social security, and social program.but also but he united states in very bad debt.


The reflection of George Bush tax-cut  has an increase affect on social security,medicare, and social programs. As Bush regulated these tax cut he put the united states in 6.4 billion dollar debt. Due to the relativity of positive economic forecast it is one of the reasons that cause the tax cut. The EGTRRA rosed the alternative minimum tax and doubled the child tax credit, reduced the estate tax and repealed it in 2010, and reduced taxes on taxpayers filing as married couples. The debate over the tax-cut made some upset and very angry to see happen, some felt as through the tax cut wasn't making a difference or wasn't seen to do anything. This source reflects on the theme (politics and power) because it deals with the government control over concerns about the issue of the tax-cut including, social security, social programs and medicare.  

Zimmerman vs Trayvon Martin political views

Document D (Politics and Power)

Author:Chris Cillizza/Date:july22,2013/source title:How the Trayvon Martin Case Reveal Our Two Politcal Americas/Source type:graph /theme:politcal and power/year:2013


H=numbering of those part of each party approval and disaproval of Trayvon Martin and George Zimmerman verdict murder case.

Point of View= it seems as the democrats disapproval of the verdict decision and republicans aprove of the verdict decision.


Within the George Zimmerman and Trayvon Martin case many appose of it being self-defense of George Zimmerman part or was it innocents on Trayvon Martin part. This document reflects upon politic and powers becsue the court has a say in it. That courts decided whether the case was a murder or not a murder. As the case went on, many citizens got brutal involvment causing violence in the community and another states. Riots broke out due to many African Americans and other race angry that a young black inocent man has been killed for(in their eyes)for nothing. military forces has be asked to kill the riots and return back to peace but it was not easy. The fact of the murder of a young man frighten and angrier thousands of citizens in his country.

Sending our troops home

Document E

Please watch full video on "Obama ends Iraq War"


H=obama address of ending the war over in Iraq and plan to sending the troops home by the end of the year holiday 's.


P= his purpose in ending the war were to have finally have an 9 year war reflections on what they have been through because of the emotion by the war.  


Reflection on Obama sending the troops

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