WHAT IS IT? -Body makes crescent-shaped red blood cells that quickly die out after 10-20 days
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES? -Genetically inherited from genes provided by both parents -Only one gene does not cause the disease, but that person has sickle cell trait
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS? -Fatigue (most common) -Shortness of Breath -Dizziness -Headaches -Coldness in hands/feet
WHAT ARE THE DIAGNOSTIC TESTS? -Blood test to check for hemoglobin S -Amniotic fluid test on an unborn baby
HOW COMMON IS IT?
-Affects 90,000 to 100,000 Americans -1 in 500 African-American births -1 in 36,000 Latin American births
HOW CAN YOU PREVENT IT? -Cannot be prevented because it is caused by inherited genes -Blood test can determine if a couple can be at risk for a sickle cell baby
RISKS AND COMPLICATIONS - the risk of inheriting sickle cell anemia comes down to your genetics -sickle cell anemia can lead to complications such as: strokes, acute chest syndrome (chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing), pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure), organ damage, blindness, skin ulcers, gallstones, priaprism
CURRENT TREATMENT OPTIONS - Medications used to treat: Antibiotic- penicillin- helps prevent infections Pain-relieving medications Hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea)-hydroxyurea reduces the frequency of painful crises and may reduce the need for blood transfusions - Vaccinations to prevent infection - Red blood cell transfusions- can increase the number of normal red blood cells in circulation, helping to relieve anemia - Supplemental Oxygen - breathing supplemental oxygen through a breathing mask adds oxygen to the blood and helps you breathe easier -Stem cell transplant (bone marrow transplant) - recommended only for people who have significant symptoms
WORKS CITED -"Sickle Cell Anemia." Treatments and Drugs. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2015 <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sickle-cell-anemia/basics/treatment/con-20019348>. - "Sickle Cell Anemia." Complications. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sickle-cell-anemia/basics/complications/con-20019348>. - "Sickle Cell Anemia." Risk Factors. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sickle-cell-anemia/basics/risk-factors/con-20019348. -"What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?" National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 28 Sept. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.