Throat cancer is cancer of the vocal cords, voice box (larynx), or other areas of the throat.
- The symptoms of throat cancer are
- Abnormal (high-pitched),
- breathing sounds,
- Cough,Coughing up blood,
- Difficulty swallowing
- Hoarseness that does not get better in 1 to 2 weeks
- Neck or ear pain,Sore throat that does not get better in 1 to 2 weeks even with antibiotics,
- Swelling or lumps in the neck,
- Weight loss not due to dieting.
How you get throat cancer
- Heavy alcohol use
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- Drinking maté, a stimulant drink common in South America
- Chewing betel quid, a stimulant commonly used in parts of Asia.
- Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV)
Stages of throat cancer
- Stage 1-greater tumor size.
- Stage 2-greater tumor size.
- stage 3-greater tumor size.
- stage 4-The cancer has spread to another organ.
- metastasis- the cancer spreads to other parts in the body.
Treatments four throat cancer
- Surgery-A procedure to remove or repair a part of the body.
- External radiation therapy-
- Radiation therapy-uses high energy radiation to kill cancer cells by damaging their DNA.
- Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells.
Exams and Tests
The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may show a lump on the outside of the neck.
The doctor may look in your throat or nose using a flexible tube with a small camera at the end.
- The 5-year survival rate refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is found.
- Stage 1 59%
- Stage 2 59%
- stage 3 53%
- stage 4 34%
- Remission-when its not spreading and its small.