Throat Cancer

about

Throat cancer is cancer of the vocal cords, voice box (larynx), or other areas of the throat.

  • The symptoms of throat cancer are  
  • Abnormal (high-pitched),
  • breathing sounds,
  • Cough,Coughing up blood,
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hoarseness that does not get better in 1 to 2 weeks
  • Neck or ear pain,Sore throat that does not get better in 1 to 2 weeks even with antibiotics,
  • Swelling or lumps in the neck,
  • Weight loss not due to dieting.

How you get throat cancer

  • Heavy alcohol use
  • A diet low in fruits and vegetables
  • Drinking maté, a stimulant drink common in South America
  • Chewing betel quid, a stimulant commonly used in parts of Asia.
  • Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV)

cancer growth

Stages of throat cancer

  • Stage 1-greater tumor size.
  • Stage 2-greater tumor size.
  • stage 3-greater tumor size.
  • stage 4-The cancer has spread to another organ.
  • metastasis- the cancer spreads to other parts in the body.

Treatments  four  throat cancer

  • Surgery-A procedure to remove or repair a part of the body.
  • External radiation therapy-
  • Radiation therapy-uses high energy radiation to kill cancer cells by damaging their DNA.
  • Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells.

Exams and Tests

The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may show a lump on the outside of the neck.

The doctor may look in your throat or nose using a flexible tube with a small camera at the end.

Survival rates

  • The 5-year survival rate refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is found.
  • Stage 1 59%
  • Stage 2 59%
  • stage 3 53%
  • stage 4 34%
  • Remission-when its not spreading and its small.

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