Han dynasty

Started in 206 B.C.E. To 220 C.E.


The Han Dynasty lasted over four hundred years, from about 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E. andUnder the Han rule, China had a golden age, a long period of stability and wealth.
Historians estimate that Han armies had 130,000 to 300,000 men.A favorite weapon that the Han dynasty used was the crossbow.The crossbow is made of two pieces of wood in the shape of a cross.The Han invented a kite and used it for military purposes.
Han emperors needed many government offcials to help run the vast empire.The government of China durning this time functioned as a bureaucracy.A large, complex organization that functions under a given set of rules and condition.The candidates had to learn five books by heart. Once hired, civil servants were not allowed to serve in their home districtsEvery three years, civil servants could be promoted or demoted depending upon an evaluation of their work.
Han farmers were expected to grow enough food to feed their families and to help stock the shared granaries, or grain storehouses.Hard as this life already was, floods and drought often destroyed crops, presenting farmers with yet another challenge but They invented a chain pump that helped farmers.The Workers used pedals to turn a wheel.The Chinese were the first to learn how to pour melted iron into molds. Han plows were designed to push the dirt away from the row being plowed so that the soil would not pile up in front of the plow.The Han also invented the wheelbarrow. Han plows were designed to push the dirt away from the row being plowed so that the soil would not pile up in front of the plow.The Chinese wheelbarrow had one large wheel in the center.It was much easier for farmers to push a heavy load in a wheelbarrow.The Han government controlled the two most important industries in China, silk and salt. New inventions helped both industries.Silk is a material produced from the fibers of a silkworm cocoon.During the Han dynasty, the Chinese developed a foot-powered machine that could wind the silk fibers onto a large reel, ready for use. The valuable silk trade began during the Han dynasty.Salt was an equally important trade item. During the Han dynasty, the Chinese learned how to mine salt from under the ground.Salt water, or brine, exists deep beneath Earth’s surface

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