The Flag

The Mexican Flag was adopted in 1821 when Mexico gained independence from Spain. The red of the flag represents the blood shed in all the wars. The white stripe down the middle represents the purity of the Roman Catholic religion, and finally the green, which stands for hope and victory. The eagle in the center of the white stripe stands for the Aztec past.

Cinco de Mayo

      Cinco de Mayo celebrates the retreat of the French Army during the Battle of Pueblo. Cinco de Mayo literally means 'The fifth of May' so it is (of course) celebrated on May 5th. There are dances, feasts, and partys to celebrate this important day for this culture.

Dia de Los Muertos (Day of the Dead)

Day of the Dead is a day celebrated by many Spanish cultures. Families and friends pray for their dead relatives and people close to the family. There are painted skulls, parties, feasts, and sermons to honor the dead. It lasts for three days. (October 31st through November 3rd)

Las Posadas

Los Posadas begins December 16 and ends on December 24. These nine days celebrate the time when baby Jesus was about to be born. It is celebrated with the usual parties, but with additional re-enactments of when Mary (Marià) arrived at the inn.


Quinceanera celebrates a girl's 15th birthday. The girl and her family parade around their town or city.

Hernando Cortes

Cortes was a Spanish conquistador and caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and the conquering of Mexico. Cortes was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. He died on December 2, 1547 at a age of 61-62.

Montezuma II

Montezuma II was the ruler of the Aztecs at the time that Cortes took over Mexico. He was the 9th and final ruler of the Aztec Empire. Cortes tried to make a deal with Montezuma II which offended and led to Cortes' takeover after Montezuma II attacked his troops.

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