The Islamic Empires
What was the impact of Islam on developing empires?
- Ottomans expanded all the way to West Asia, North Africa and parts of Europe.
- The rose at the expense of the Seljuk Empire
- They were originally lead by Osman
- They are more famous for being lead by Mehmel the II
- Ended Byzantine Empire when they sieged Constantinople, where they fought for two months
- Byzantine Emperor died and city fell
- Were famous for mastery of firearms
- Much of they success of their army came from a strong portion called the Janissaries
- Sunni Muslims
- Sultans gave religious duties to advisors called Ulemas
- Tolerant of non-Muslims
- They spread Islam through the conquering of different empires and by spreading their own empire they could spread the beliefs of Islam and gained many more followers
- From 1501-1722
- Theocracy (Political leaders were also religious leaders)
- Economic strength came from the fact they were located near the trade routes
- Made Iran a center of art, architecture, poetry and philosophy
- Due to it's location near trade routes, they were able to spread Islam easily
- Citizens in this theocracy were forced to be Muslims
- The Mughal Empire ruled a lot of Pakistan and India in the 16th and 17th centuries
- They centralized Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim culture, arts, and faith
- Under the rule of Salim they flourished because of his great leading skills
- Akbar the greatest of the Mughal Emperors found their great power in India once again
- Sultanate was a land ruled by a sultan
- Delhi Sultanate was a series of Muslim dynasties that ruled in India
- 1192-Muhammed Ghuri captures Delhi
- Qutb-ud-Din Aybak, first a slave in the army, declares himself sultan after assassination of Ghuri
- Aybak starts Delhi Sultanate and Slave Dynasty
- Mongols were constantly tryin to invade
- Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khalji takes control in 1290, at the fall of the Slave Dynasty
- Jala-ud-Din is murdered and succeeded by is nephew, Ala-ud-Din
- Ala-ud-Din spread the Islam rule
- Khalji Dynasty is replaced by Tughluq Dynasty in 1325
- Tughluq dynasty never had an effective leader and was eventually taken over by Mongolian leader, Timur, in 1398
Critical Thinking Question
Why were the Tughluqs never able to establish a successful empire?
Room Number: c63a87b0
What was the impact of Islam on developing Empires?
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"Byzantine-Ottoman Wars." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras.
ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.