The Islamic Empires

Essential Question

What was the impact of Islam on developing empires?

Ottomans

  • Ottomans expanded all the way to West Asia, North Africa and parts of Europe.
  • The rose at the expense of the Seljuk Empire
  • They were originally lead by Osman
  • They are more famous for being lead by Mehmel the II
  • Ended Byzantine Empire when they sieged Constantinople, where they fought for two months
  • Byzantine Emperor died and city fell
  • Were famous for mastery of firearms
  • Much of they success of their army came from a strong portion called the Janissaries
  • Sunni Muslims
  • Sultans gave religious duties to advisors called Ulemas
  • Tolerant of non-Muslims
  • They spread Islam through the conquering of different empires and by spreading their own empire they could spread the beliefs of Islam and gained many more followers

Safavid Empire

  • From 1501-1722
  • Theocracy (Political leaders were also religious leaders)
  • Economic strength came from the fact they were located near the trade routes
  • Made Iran a center of art, architecture, poetry and philosophy
  • Due to it's location near trade routes, they were able to spread Islam easily
  • Citizens in this theocracy were forced to be Muslims

Mughal

  • The Mughal Empire ruled a lot of Pakistan and India in the 16th and 17th centuries
  • They centralized Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim culture, arts, and faith  
  • Under the rule of Salim they flourished because of his great leading skills
  • Akbar the greatest of the Mughal Emperors found their great power in India once again

Sultanates

  • Sultanate was a land ruled by a sultan
  • Delhi Sultanate was a series of Muslim dynasties that ruled in India
  • 1192-Muhammed Ghuri captures Delhi
  • Qutb-ud-Din Aybak, first a slave in the army, declares himself sultan after assassination of Ghuri
  • Aybak starts Delhi Sultanate and Slave Dynasty
  • Mongols were constantly tryin to invade
  • Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khalji takes control in 1290, at the fall of the Slave Dynasty
  • Jala-ud-Din is murdered and succeeded by is nephew, Ala-ud-Din
  • Ala-ud-Din spread the Islam rule
  • Khalji Dynasty is replaced by Tughluq Dynasty in 1325
  • Tughluq dynasty never had an effective leader and was eventually taken over by Mongolian leader, Timur, in 1398

Critical Thinking Question

Why were the Tughluqs never able to establish a successful empire?

Assessment

Essential Question

What was the impact of Islam on developing Empires?

Sources

Sizgorich, Tom. "Ottoman Empire." World History: Ancient and Medieval
Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.

Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Delhi sultanate." World History: Ancient and
Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Hutchinson, Jennifer. "Delhi." World History: Ancient and Medieval
Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Byzantine-Ottoman Wars." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras.
ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

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