Summary and Analysis Project

by Antonio Lucciola

Represents the hate toward Butler for selling Emma at the slave auction

Chapter 7: "A New Found Hatred"

Master Butler arrives home from the slave auction. Frances alerts Mattie that Butler sold Emma. Mattie notes seeing Will cry for the first time. Mattie also notes her new found hatred for Butler. Emma is mentioned to be going to Kentucky.

Butler’s banquet is being prepared by Mattie. He tries to apologize to Mattie, but she responds by telling him to, “burn in hell”. Will is helping to serve for the banquet as Mattie spits in Butler’s food.

Will is full of grief and wants to make Butler sorry for giving him his grief. It’s now late at night, and Sarah wakes to tell her father how much she hates him. Sarah then mentions that she would rather sleep with Mattie and Will. Butler then says that Sarah is her mother’s child, and not his.

Lester connects his literature to the crossing of the Jordan River

Analysis: "Connecting With the Reader"

To fully understand the theme. Lester uses symbols and other figurative language to help the reader to relate as directly as possible to the story in the novel, Day of Tears, in the excerpt, “The Kitchen,” readers should examine aspects of formalism to find metaphors and similes, irony, and allusions.

In chapter 7, metaphors are used in this excerpt to give the fullest effect to the anger and hatred Mattie, Will, and Frances present toward Butler. An instance of this was, “If my hatred was fire, wouldn’t nothing be left standing on this place.” as stated by Mattie. Another instance was when Will stated, “This grief will never end even if I was to live as long as a star in the sky”.

Throughout the rest of the novel, Lester provides us with allusions. An example of this is the passage that describes Emma crossing the Ohio River. The reader can clearly see an allusion to the crossing of the Jordan River in The Bible. Lester can provide one with this to help the reader and feel more connected to the text. Lester also provides us with symbols throughout the novel. Julius Lester obviously displays a distaste toward slavery in the chapter, as he has Will, Frances, and Mattie display great grief and hate for the loss of Emma. Lester could be using the characters as a representation of his hate for slavery.

In conclusion, Lester uses examples of allusions, irony, and metaphors and similes to connect with the reader. The book looks to comfort and almost make the reader feel at home, so they can ultimately relate with the literature. Looking at this work through a formalist view can help a reader better extol what Lester has provided to us through strong connections.

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