Early American Tribes:
The Cherokee

This is a map of the Cherokee tribal region. Cherokee tribes weer usually located in Georgia, North and South Carolina, and East Tennessee, but some were located in parts of Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Alabama. The climate for this region was the typical Eastern Woodland Climate, the average temperature for this region was 54 degrees, and the average rainfall was 5.91 inches per year (47.28 inches over eight years).

Cherokee Government

The Cherokee chiefs did many great things for their tribes. Austendco was the principal chief. Sequoyah created his own form of communication. Each town had two governments. The Cherokee towns were affiliated with three groups: the lower towns on the headwaters of the Savannah River, the middle towns along the Tennessee River, and the northern-most towns.

Cherokee War and Conflict

The three major Cherokee wars or conflicts were the First and Second Cherokee Wars, and the Texan Cherokee War of 1839. The First Cherokee war broke out over retaliation over the requisition of Cherokee horses. Some Cherokees were murdered by Virginians on their way back from Pennsylvania. Retaliatory raids were led, and many sieges were attempted, but most were withstood. In November 1761, the Cherokee signed a peace treaty with Virginia, and the next year they signed one with South Carolina. The Second Cherokee War was a series of raids, campaigns, ambushes, skirmishes, and some battles with frontiersmen formerly from the British colonies that lasted from 1776 to 1794. The 1839 Texan-Cherokee War was when Lamar, Texas declared that the Cherokee move off of and relinquish their land. Houston protested in vain, and when the Cherokee eventually refused, Lamar was forced to use force. The Cherokee's main enemies were primarily the English, and partially the Shawnee.

Cherokee Economy

The major natural resources of the Cherokee were corn, beans, and squash. The women also gathered berries, nuts, and wild plants. Men mainly hunted elk, deer, rabbit, and bear. The growth of the Cherokee trade industry was adjacent with the growth of deerskin trade. They mainly traded with Europeans, but they also traded with other tribes.

Cherokee Culture

The men and women had many different roles in the Cherokee culture. The men mainly cut down trees, built canoes and houses, hunted and fished, and made traps, nets, and other tools. The women were the warriors in the society. The women owned the houses that the men built. They also farmed and used the skins of the hunted animals to make clothes. The Cherokee education consisted of Cherokee writing, which involved many different shapes. The agriculture consisted of corns, beans, squash, and sunflowers, which were planted alongside the villages. The Cherokee also had community gardens. They would clear the land of trees by using a technique now known as slash and burn, in which they would slash the shrubs and burn the trees. The Cherokee clothing was made of animal skins, mainly deer skins. The main aspects of Cherokee cuisine were corn, beans, and squash, along with deer, pumpkin, turkey, fish, popcorn, wild onions, eggs, brown beans, and grape dumplings. The Cherokee religion had several sacred ceremonies. Their two sacred numbers were seven and four, seven for the seven directions of north, south, east, west, above, below, and here in the center, and four represented the four cardinal directions.

How the Cherokee have impacted the modern world

The Cherokee Indian people that are descendants of some of the original Cherokee are very proud of their tribe. The Cherokee Rose, which is the state flower of Georgia, is also named for the Cherokee tribes of Georgia.

Cherokee Photo Gallery

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