Artificial insemination

About artificial insemination

Artificial insemination is used by many livestock production farmers. It's a safer way for the animals. Artificial Insemination(AI) is the second-most common practice of breeding livestock--well, it's the only alternative to breeding livestock next to natural breeding using a male over females. AI is, however, much more common in dairy production than beef production.

The recto-vaginal technique is the most commonly used method to artificially inseminate cattle. The basic skills required to perform this technique can be obtained with about three days practice under professional instruction and supervi- sion. Additional proficiency and confidence will be achieved with further work on your own.

Job Description:

  • 1) Collects and packages bull semen for artificial insemination of cows: Attaches rubber collecting sheath to genital organ of tethered bull, and stimulates animal's organ to excite ejaculation.
    • 2) Examines semen, using microscope, to determine density and motility of gametes, and dilutes semen with prescribed diluents according to formulas.
      • 3) Transfers required amount of semen to container, using titration tube, and labels it with identifying data, such as date taken, source, quality, and concentration, and records similar data on file cards.
        • 4) Packs container of semen in dry ice or liquid nitrogen for freezing and storage or shipment.
          • 5) May inseminate cows.

Education/special skills:

  • You'll need special training to work as an artificial inseminator. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, most practitioners have at least a high school education, though many artificial inseminators have bachelor degrees with an emphasis on biology. You'll need to know about the reproductive cycles and anatomy of the animals you work with. In addition, you'll need on-the-job training to learn the techniques. The National Association of Animal Breeders has established standards for artificial insemination training. They specify classes with no more than eight students per instructor and six hours of live cow insemination practice per student, performed over at least three separate practice sessions.
  • Salary:According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a livestock artificial inseminator makes an average of about $37,280 a year, or $17.92 an hour, as of May 2010. Wages vary according to the skill level and years of experience of the inseminator and the area of the country in which he operates.

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