By: Macy Litton
Mesopotamia was the first civilization. The civilization was very advanced in many ways.
Irrigation is a great example of Mesopotamia being an advanced civilization. Irrigation is a system of canals that directed water and silt (rich soil) to the awaiting crops that need them. People could control the water with dikes, or walls. The dikes would allow people to control the flow to their crops that were farther away from the rivers. Irrigation allowed farmers and many others to grow a lot of food surpluses and have plentiful harvests. Irrigation systems are a great example of infrastructure. Infrastructure benefits everyone and everything with it's purpose for being built.
Hammurabi's Code is a great example of Mesopotamia's advanced society. Each of these 282 laws were the first set of laws that were written down in stone. They were written in cuneiform, the first system of writing, but these laws are a great example of their government. Each law stated what each citizen were allowed to do and what they couldn't. In my opinion though, they weren't very fair. They were based on their social pyramid or their social hierarchy. The laws didn't even recognize slaves as people. they only referred to them as "it". Their government was advanced in the way they organized their civilization.
Another way that Mesopotamia was advanced was through their art. Art back in their time was advanced. For example the clay seals artists made. The main purpose for the seals were for people to have the ability to leave their mark on things, but they developed into more detailed works of art. Artists would spend a lot of time carving different scenes into the seal. For example, some seals would show battle scenes, or religious rituals. Even some would have incredibly expensive jewels and gems within it. Another example of the Sumerian's art, is music. They made a stringed instrument, the Lyre. The instrument would be played at many rituals. Their art was very advanced.