Road to Civil War

Reform Movements

As during everything during this time Reform Movements were also an impact to the Sectionalism between the North and South.

A. The temperance movement accrued during the 1830s and 1840s. The temperance movement occurred because of the abuse of alcohol. The woman who were involved in this movement were also involved in the women's rights movement. The temperance movement was led by the American Christian Temperance Union who tried to make alcohol illegal to save American families because alcohol abuse in the home were becoming outrageous. Alcohol was banned in some states. In 1920 the 18th amendment was passed, which declared alcohol  illegal.

B. The treatment of the insane movement started in 1848. This reform was led by Dorothea Dix. Dorothea dix went to North Carolina and called for reform for the care of mentally ill patients. It was significant because it caused better care for mentally ill.

C. The women's rights movement started in 1848. The movement was led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott and the held a women's rights conference at the Seneca Fall Convention. At the Seneca Fall Convention the Declaration of Women's Rights was wrote.

D. The Education Movement was led by Horace Mann. The movement created mandatory public education in the United States.

Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny started in the 1840s. A lot of people believed that the United States was destined to move westward in expansion from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. Manifest Destiny pushed people to the west increasing population in the west. To Americans expansion offered more self dependent and freedom. As we started to spread West it became an issue for the North and South because they had to decide who was going to be a free or slave state. So the conflict of slavery increased.

Fugitive Slave Law of 18

The fugitive slave law occurred, as it says, in 1850. It came from the Compromise of 1850. Federal commissioners were given the authority to issue warrants, gather, posses, and force citizens to help catch runaway slaves. Many blacks that were free and born free was trapped by this law because some people caught them and sent them back to the South. African Americans were not able to testify in court, so this injustice went on. The tension rose between the North and the South. The North was being made to go out there way to capture slaves.

Uncle TomsCabin

Uncle toms cabin was published in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Supposedly Abraham Lincoln said to Stowe when he met her “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war.” This work made slavery a moral issue.  It touched people's heart and made them think about the principles of right and wrong. Uncle Toms Cabin is a story about a slave named Tom. Uncle Toms Cabin increased the tension between the North and the South and pushed them to the Civil War.

Kansas Nebraska Act

This Act allowed the people who lived in the territory to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. It repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and it prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´. The North was very angry about this act because everything was going fine with them with the Missouri Compromise. The South Strongly supported this act, thought that this was a way to gain more slave areas. The north wanted to abolish slavery.

Dred Scott Decision

Dred Scott was a African American Slave. He first migrated around with his master Peter Blow. But after he died he was bought by an army surgeon named Dr. John Emerson. Dred Scott lived in numerous free states while under Emerson. But then some say he didn't know about his rights. After Emerson died he was sold to an army captain. Then he decided To fight for his freedom after his master refused Dred Scott offer of $300 to be set free. Even though the court ruled against him, His former master Blow's son had helped him to pay for his legal fees during the court period. When they said no, Blow's son then purchased him then set Scott and his wife and set them free. Then after nine months of freedom, Scott died.

Dread Scott decided to sue for his freedom in 1847. 10 years after still fighting for hiscase he then went to the United States  Supreme Court. This decision ruled that African Americans could never become citizens of the United States and that they could not testify in court let alone sue. Northerners were outraged by this decision and the South were happy. This decision impacted the nomination of Abraham Lincoln to the Republican Party as the President of the United states. Then the South wanted to Succeed from the Union but they were not going out without a fight.

Transcontinental Rail

The transcontinental Railroad period lasted between 1862-1869. The Pacific Railroad Act chartered the Union Pacific Railroad and Central Pacific companies. The charter told them to build a transcontinental railroad that would link the United States from east to west. The Transcontinental Railroad got entangled with sectionalism between the North and South about where to put it. They were both eager to have it on their side and win. The two companies raced from two sides. One coming from Sacramento, California and the the company from Omaha, Nebraska. With this project came great risks they were taking. But finally on May 10, 1869 they met at Promontory, Utah. With the westward expansion, communication from the old states and the area west of the Mississippi River became more and more critical.

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