AN AFRICAN-BASED DISEASE
BACKGROUND AND HISTORY
Malaria is a communicable disease, though not your average one. While it isn't spread through humans, infected mosquitoes are the bringers of this sickness. We are, for the most part, safe over here in the Americas, as ninety percent of malaria deaths occur across the ocean in Africa. Of the victims there, most of them are children under five years old. In 2010, there were an estimated 660,000 deaths from malaria, out of the rough 219 million cases. Not many of these deaths are ever really cured, as between 2000 and 2012 only 1.1 million malaria deaths were averted. Think about it - there were 219 million cases in one year alone, and in ten years only 1.1 million were cured.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
You won't even know if you have malaria - at first, at least. This first symptoms - some of which are fever, headache, and vomiting - appear ten to fifteen days after the mosquito bites you. If not treated, malaria can become life-threatening; it disrupts the blood supply to vital organs. In some cases, though, these symptoms appear much later; even months later.
CURE AND TREATMENT
There is no 100% effective treatment for malaria. It's really better to just not get it in the first place - you'll save yourself a lot of trouble. But the treatment that is available resides in a hospital, in the form of a medication. The doctor will give you a medication based on which form of malaria you have. Sometimes, even this doesn't work. Drug-resistant forms of malaria have been reported - these types render many treatments ineffective.
There are a few ways to prevent people from catching malaria, though they don't always work. Taking action to stop the mosquitoes from getting in in the first place is usually the method used; spraying various indoor places with insecticide and using insecticidal nets by people at risk is the standard procedure. There isn't a vaccine for malaria, either, but your doctor may be able to prescribe you a medication that could help prevent it.
Overall, malaria is a deadly disease that should be taken serious at all times. It is just as much of a problem in Africa as Ebola is anywhere else. There is no definite cure for this sickness, just like Ebola. This disease, transferred from human to human via mosquito, is most times a fatal one. Even if you survive it once, malaria still has a chance to recur. This is one disease that seems to be virtually incurable and adaptable, one that avoids most medication.