Brief History of London
London got it's start as a Roman communications center in 43 A.D, but was originally known as Londinium. By the 1700s London had become the largest city in Europe. Around this time, London was also the center of a cultural awakening, featuring the plays of Shakespeare and the music of Handel. The city continued to grow throughout its history. During World War II, London faced heavy bombing by German planes, leading to the historic Battle of London where the British fought off German fighters and pushed them away from England entirely, a major turning point in the war. Today London features many attractions old and new, ranging from the Tower of London to numerous palaces to museum after museum. The city is a major international business and financial hub and a popular tourist destination.
London is located in southern England, and sits on the Thames River. The absolute location is 51.5072° N, 0.1275° W.
The entire city of London is about 607 square miles. Over half the days of the year experience overcast weather. London is a very popular international tourist destination, featuring interesting attractions such as the London Eye, Buckingham Palace, and The Tower Bridge.
The Thames river is also to create electricity that supplies parts of London with power. The city was once labeled "The Big Smoke" because of the amount of smog that would cover the sky, and is still known by this unfortunate nickname today.
The Thames river is used as a commercial waterway for the city of London. Taxis are a famous mode of public transportation in the city, as well as red double-decker buses. Many citizens walk along the sidewalks or take the subway every day to get from point A to point B.
London is divided into five sub-regions: Central, East, North, South, and West. Each sub-region contains a number of boroughs, or districts. A borough in London is defined as a self-governing township, though the actual term itself varies in definition depending on how it is used. London doesn't contain an actual city government, making boroughs the main governing bodies in the city.