The Pericles was arguably the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Glolden Age, specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
Born: Athens, Greece
Died: 429 BC, Athens, Greece
Children: Pericles the Younger, Paralus, Xanthinppus
Parents: Xanthippus, Agariste of Sicyon
Battles/Wars: Battle in Sicyon and Acarnania (454 BC) Second Sacred War (448 BC) Expulsion of barbarians from Gallipoli (447 BC) Samian War (440 BC) Siege of Byzantium (438 BC) Peloponnesian War (431-429 BC)
(Early Years) Pericles was the son of politician Xanthippus, Pericles mother, Agariste, a member of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae. He started his political career in the law courts, also was one of the leading prosecutors in getting Cimon ostracised from Athens in 461 BC.
Pericles had promoted the arts and literature; it is principally through his efforts that Athens holds the reputation of being the educational and cultural center of the ancient Greek world. He started and ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acropolis also including the Parthenon. Pericles, the most famous leader in all of Athenian history, that wanted the city's people to be proud of their city.
Ancient Greek statesman Pericles, leader of Athens from 460-429 B.C., organized construction of the Parthenon and developed a democracy based on majority rule. He became a great patron of the arts. In 461, he assumed rule of Athens, a role he would occupy until his death.