Characteristics of Poetry: Figurative Language
Metaphors- Describe one thing as if it were something else.
Personification- Gives human qualities to something that is not human.
Similes- Uses like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.
Symbols- Anything that represents something else.
Characteristics of Poetry: Sound Devices
Alliteration- The repetition of constant sounds in the beginning of words.
Repetition- The use of an element of language- a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.
Assonance- The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.
Consonance- The repetition of similar constant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.
Onomatopoeia- The use of words that imitate sounds.
Rhyme- The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
Meter- The rhythmical pattern in a poem.
FORMS OF POETRY
Narrative- Form of poetry that tells a story in a verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Haiku- A three-line Japanese verse for. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Free Verse- Form of poetry which is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Lyric- Form of poetry which expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Ballads- A song like poem that tells stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete- Form of poetry which is shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.
Limericks-Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Rhyming Couplets- Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.