Characteristics of Poetry: Figurative Language

Metaphors- Describe one thing as if it were something else.

Personification- Gives human qualities to something that is not human.

Similes- Uses like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.

Symbols- Anything that represents something else.

Characteristics of Poetry: Sound Devices

Alliteration- The repetition of constant sounds in the beginning of words.

Repetition- The use of an element of language- a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.

Assonance- The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.

Consonance- The repetition of similar constant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.

Onomatopoeia- The use of words that imitate sounds.

Rhyme- The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.

Meter- The rhythmical pattern in a poem.


Narrative- Form of poetry that tells a story in a verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Haiku- A three-line Japanese verse for. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Free Verse- Form of poetry which is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Lyric- Form of poetry which expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.

Ballads- A song like poem that tells stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete- Form of poetry which is shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.

Limericks-Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.

Rhyming Couplets- Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.