The Green Revolution Project
By Ahir C, Alia V, Alex G, and Jared C
How is it possible for the countries that don't benefit as much from the Green Revolution to keep up with other countries that do?
What is the Green Revolution
The Green Revolution in crop production in developing countries, achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties. More specifically, the increased production of crops is typically associted with rice and wheat.
Benefits of the Green Revolution
The Green Revolution has resulted in an abundance of grains, hybrid strains of wheat, corn, and rice. Many GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) have been included in the Green Revolution, and are created to help certain plants grow in different regions to be more effective. This has not only helped feed people, but has also boosted the economies of countries such as Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan.
Regions Positively Affected
The Green Revolution has had a positive effect especially on Mexico, Pakistan, India, Philippines, as well as Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, China, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Malaya, Morocco, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey.
The Biggest Loser
The biggest region that the Green Revolution has failed in is Sub-Saharan Africa. In Sub-Saharan Africa, even though the technology is given to farmers, they simply can't use it. The soil in the area is not compatible with the techniques that have been previously used in other countries, and because of this, it is impossible for them to use previous methods.
Identifying the Issues at Hand
In other countries there can be many problems, but let's use Africa as our example. There are many problems that have previously stopped the Green Revolution from taking place. The most obvious one is the poor soil. Because of this, it is harder to plant crops, and only certain crops can even be planted. The climate also effects what they are able to plant, because with such a dry climate that gets little rain, they must have crops that are more inclined to survive in droughts. Because of all of this, farmers that are not educated also pose a problem; not only in farming, but in the marketplace. Without knowing how to sell their products or transport them, the food that they can produce goes no where, and they are forced into keeping the food for themselves or selling it as fast as they can.
Our proposed solution to the problem in these countries is similar to what is going on in Africa currently. Some of the most important issues with the Green Revolution are being implemented into Africa, and have seen significant success. The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) has been taking leaps and bounds in the right direction. They educate farmers on what crops to plant and how to plant them, provide technology to help with the rough climates and the tough soil, and they even teach them how to sell their product in the marketplace for a good deal. They've helped many small farmers, going to the length to help banana farmers to triple their monthly incomes. Their goals by 2020 are to reduce food insecurity by 50% in at least 20 countries, double the incomes of 20 million smallholder families, and put 15 countries on track to attain and sustain a Green Revolution. The fact that even the place with the least hope of attaining a Green Revolution can start one serves as a role model for other countries that don't hold up as well. By educating farmers on a local level, developing specific technologies, and teaching business to the farmers, not only the farmers but the countries can rise out of low agricultural production and improve their economies. There is not one true cookie cutter solution to all of the problems other countries face, but instead we need to work together as an international community and create localized solutions that can allow other countries the benefits that the Green Revolution has already been providing.