☆ Kind of like in everyday life, the foot is the basic unit of measurement.

☆ A foot consists of one stressed syllable and at least one unstressed syllable.

☆ The standard types of feet are: trochees, dactyls, iambs, anapests.


☆ A meter is the rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse.

☆ Meters help measure the arrangement of words in poetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line.

☆ In poetry, there are falling meters and rising meters.

Falling Meter

☆ Falling meters consist of a stressed syllable followed by one or two unstressed syllables in a line.

☆ Trochees and dactyls are falling meters. Dactyl has two unstressed syllables, while trochee only has one.


☆   "The Song of Hiawatha" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is written in trochaic tetrameter.

☆ "The Charge of the Light Brigade" by Tennyson is composed of dactylic meter.

Rising Meter

☆ Rising meters consist of one or two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.

☆ Iambs and anapests are rising meters. Iambs have one unstressed syllable, while anapests have two.


☆ "The Destruction of Sennacherib" by Lord Byron is composed of anapestic meter.

☆ Robert Frost's "After Apple Picking" is written in iambic meter.


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