☆ Kind of like in everyday life, the foot is the basic unit of measurement.
☆ A foot consists of one stressed syllable and at least one unstressed syllable.
☆ The standard types of feet are: trochees, dactyls, iambs, anapests.
☆ A meter is the rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse.
☆ Meters help measure the arrangement of words in poetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line.
☆ In poetry, there are falling meters and rising meters.
☆ Falling meters consist of a stressed syllable followed by one or two unstressed syllables in a line.
☆ Trochees and dactyls are falling meters. Dactyl has two unstressed syllables, while trochee only has one.
☆ "The Song of Hiawatha" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is written in trochaic tetrameter.
☆ "The Charge of the Light Brigade" by Tennyson is composed of dactylic meter.
☆ Rising meters consist of one or two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.
☆ Iambs and anapests are rising meters. Iambs have one unstressed syllable, while anapests have two.
☆ "The Destruction of Sennacherib" by Lord Byron is composed of anapestic meter.
☆ Robert Frost's "After Apple Picking" is written in iambic meter.