City Profile Imagination Guide - My Chinese City Profile -
Hong Kong

Question: How does Racial Equality stand in the modern era ?
Dominic LawMr Kinzer 27 April 2015

Quote on Racial Equality

Hypocrisy is the mother of all evil and racial prejudice is still her favourite child.

Don King

Racial equality states the equal regards to all races. Easily said, it states the simple regard that people of different races need to be treated equally and fairly. Often also referring to the belief of social equality of people from different races, it stands as the goal of most modern political movements.

I first came into interest with the question of racial equality through an MUN conference in CISSMUN (Concordia International School Shanghai Model United Nations). Debating on the topic of racial equality, it raised many question throughout my mind. I was part of a team which was writing a resolution of rules and regulations which could protect people of different races, especially ethnic minorities. Until then, my understanding of racial equality was fairly small to an extent that all I had heard about racial equality as more of a political phrase or stance and it never stood in my mind as an actual occurring problem.

However, racial equality is a highly engaging problem with more and more cases occurring throughout the modern world. Unfortunately in a world where globalization has hit its pinnacle, racial inequality is still a ongoing problem which affects humans everywhere, especially in major cities such as Hong Kong and New York. Through this project, I hope to be able to learn more about this topic and hopefully find solutions towards this ongoing problem.

Sub Questions:

  • How have they implemented ideas and rules to improve equality rights in ethnic minorities ?
  • Why has the Hong Kong government done to improve racial equality ?

Overview Background Information links:

In order to find background information about Hong Kong, I decided to search up information in three sectors. Historical, economical and cultural understandings are important to one’s knowledge of a country or in Hong Kong’s place city (aka Special Administrative Region). The following webpages are listed below respectively

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/china/hong-kong/history

This website provides readers with a basis for the historic past of Hong Kong. A former British colony, Hong Kong’s historical past is definitely the main reason towards Hong Kong’s racial diversity. In the long scale and timeline of history, Hong Kong may seem to little importance towards this. However, the importance of Hong Kong’s short lived passed really reflects on how Hong Kong is today. It firstly introduces the early inhabitants of Hong Kong from the Stone Age, to the 5 great clans of Han, Tang, Hau, Liu and Man from different provinces in China which arguably led to Hong Kong’s cantonese speaking population. Historic facts rage from the ancient opium war which led to the British rule of China to the Tiananmen square incident are also written here. By using the source, we are able to not only learn more about Hong Kong’s short history but also integrate them into our project of racial equality. The source which comes from the famous lonely planet database is also quite reliable.

http://www.hkeconomy.gov.hk/en/reports/

This website is by the Hong Kong government, thus ensuring high reliability. From raging stock prices, to statistics and facts about different aspects from labour and external statistics as well as food and cost prices, we are able to learn more about Hong Kong as a whole. People might argue that the raising economy of Hong Kong might not be relevant towards racial equality in Hong Kong, however I believe that it is essential to understand the basis of the Hong Kong economy in order to understand different problems happening to racial equality in Hong Kong. For example, ethnic minorities might find out problems with housing or education and the root of the problem might lie in government funding.

http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/hongkong/when-to-go.htm


This website is probably one of the most interesting facts of Hong Kong’s short lived history. From cultural traditions of basic life in Hong Kong like eating dim sum, travelling around Hong Kong like a local and basic courtesy skills to more engaging topics such as local Chinese Opera and Religion found in Hong Kong, readers are easily submerged in Chinese traditions and culture. This is integral to the final process of our research, which can possibly be the root to most problems in culturally diverse societies which constantly deal with problems of inequality where the root is the misunderstanding of traditio

Links regarding to direct relation to Racial Equality

http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1311812/ethnic-minorities-face-uphill-education-fight-hong-kong

This article directly relates towards my topic of speech- ethnic minorities and their problems in Hong Kong. Now, many people might state that this does not necessarily directly correlate towards ethnic equality or key terms such as racism or social inequality, however this article definitely states otherwise. Written and published through the South China Morning Post, one of the world’s leading english newspapers, we can be assured of the quality as well as ensuring that the degree of accuracy will be quite high. The article talks about the problem of foreign students (ethnic minorities) who can’t seem to be able to find the right type of education in Hong Kong. It is amazing and yet quite sad how such an international city can’t even provide education for people of different races. This article helps me with my first sub question - How have they implemented ideas and rules to improve equality rights in ethnic minorities ?

http://www.cmab.gov.hk/doc/en/documents/policy_responsibilities/the_rights_of_the_individuals/agpre/adm_guidelines.pdf

The article above states the guidelines on the promotion of racial equality in Hong Kong. Written and published by the Hong Kong Government, we can ensure that the article is fair and accurate, and thus not biased. The article publishes different guidelines on topics ranging from Government policy on racial equality to what the government has implemented and done towards this problem . This answers my first sub question How have they implemented ideas and rules to improve equality rights in ethnic minorities ?




http://www.hrw.org/

The webpage above is the famous Human Rights Watch Council, a united nations council specializing on developing and protecting human rights. This ranges from gender equality to racial equality etc. I first came into contact with the web page during a MUN conference in Shanghai when I was fortunate enough to be able to visit the HRW council. This webpage is very detailed and interesting due to the depth of research and planning placed into every link, and thus provides reader with a very realistic and unique experience on how organizations are trying to solve racial equality. As it is a UN webpage, this website is also very reliable.

Organizations connecting with Ethnic Minorities in Hong Kong

http://www.hkhrc.org.hk/

The webpage above is the Hong Kong human rights committee organization, a local non governmental community organization that is based in Hong Kong. The statement and motto of the group is to monitor and promote human rights development in Hong Kong, including aiding to the uphill battle against inequality especially in different races. It provides information on ethnic minorities whom are living in Hong Kong, as well as providing a bit of information on the historical development of ethnic inequality development as well as human rights in Hong Kong. Through this webpage, we are able to understand more about the historical development on Hong Kong ever growing ethnic problems. This answers my second sub question Why has the Hong Kong government done to improve racial equality ?

Two sets of Relevant data sets

Race Relations Unit - Demographics." Race Relations Unit - Demographics. Hong Kong Government, 1 July 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

<http://www.had.gov.hk/rru/english/info/info_dem.html>.

The wheel below is by the Hong Kong Government and it presents data of different ethnic minorities in Hong Kong. The source is reliable (however it only leads to the last census in 2012). Even though this data set is not mappable, I still believe that the information is integral to my project as it allows us to understand the basic statistics and facts about the different ethnic minorities living in Hong Kong.

Data 2 :This graph below talks about the ethnic disadvantage table of education in Hong Kong. This is very important towards Hong Kong’s ethnic problems as education has constantly been one of the biggest difficulties towards Hong Kong’s ethnic minority population. This is because a lot of them have trouble learning or speaking Chinese, which is required in all local schools and government free tertiary education in Hong Kong. Another problem faced is the lack of international school education in Hong Kong, many schools which have no more space for the kids who need it most.

Media and relevant photographs/documentaries

This video above talks about the education and fate of many ethnic minorities in Hong Kong. Sort of a small documentary created for a movie art festival in Hong Kong, the 9 minute video consists of interviews with different ethnic minorities in Hong Kong. They focus on Pakistanis in Hong Kong, one of the many ethnic minorities which live in Hong Kong. Another interview is done with teachers and principals of schools who talk about the reasons towards the tough life brought by these ethnic minorities. Again and again, the problems of speaking Chinese cause children from overseas backgrounds to face many problems at schools. This helps me understand more about the basic problems of Hong Kong ethnic minorities, especially from a first hand perspective.

This following TV show by Al Jazeera English which talks about ethnic minorities in Hong Kong and how they are slowly becoming into a lost generation. Hong Kong attracts people of international backgrounds to live and work, however there has been a growing problem of ethnic minorities especially of those of southeast asian descent who have problems fitting in socially in Hong Kong. The news story talks about how they are stuck in positions of poverty, working low way jobs and not earning much money. Education is also talked about from 1997 when education systems changed to focus more on the chinese language from British Colonial rule in Hong Kong. From listening from professors and professionals on the subject, I am able to gain more information and insight into the problems faced by Ethnic minorities in Hong Kong.

Maps of the City - Looking at Ethnic Minority Areas

(Map provided by HK government association.)

Race Relations Unit - Demographics." Race Relations Unit - Demographics. Hong Kong Government, 1 July 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

<http://www.had.gov.hk/rru/english/info/info_dem.html>.

This map talks about Cheung Sha Wan, one of the poorest districts in Hong Kong. Located near Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan consists one of the most minorities in Hong Kong. As seen (pixelated photo may be due to PDF format), there are many industrial areas and commercial buildings near the areas. Many of the industries create products such as cigarettes and foods. From this, we can see that the living conditions of these minorities are very bad. The reason why many minorities are forced to live in these areas are due to low rent and a closer area to their work stations.

Bibliography:

Race Relations Unit - Demographics." Race Relations Unit - Demographics. Hong Kong Government, 1 July 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

<http://www.had.gov.hk/rru/english/info/info_dem.html>.

Zhao, Shirley. "School Woes Help Mire Hong Kong Ethnic Minorities in Poverty." South China Morning Post. SCMP, 18 Sep. 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2015. <http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1343178/school-woes-help-mire-hong-kong-ethnic-minorities-poverty>.

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