Chile

By Lukas Hudson
Hour 1

Chile, officially: República de Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile has a Population of 16,285,000 people and Chile's type of government is a Republic. The Capital of Chile is Santiago de Chile, The Area of Chile is 756,096 km² (291,930 sq mi), its Currency is Chilean Peso (CLP), and Chile's National Holiday is the 18th of September.

Famous Places & Local Expressions

Easter Island

One of the most famous places in Chile is Easter Island. Others include San Pedro de Atacama, Atacama Desert, and The Flower Clock in Valparisio, Chile. Chile also has a lot of Wine regions and Beach resorts. Some local expressions are...

  • pololo/a – ‘boyfriend/girlfriend’
  • po – comes from “pues” (then, so, indeed, yes) it is commonly used at the end of sentences to enforce the meaning of the sentence.
  • ¿cachái? – do you understand? / get it?
  • al tiro – immediately
  • es un buen gallo – he’s a nice guy
  • estar con caña – to have a hangover
  • agarrar pa’l (para el) hueveo – to make fun of

There is also 6 ways to say "you are".

Common Food in Chile

Arrollado de Chancho - chunks of pork wrapped in pork fat smothered chili.

Bistec a lo pobre - beefsteak, French fries, fried onions, topped with a couple of fried eggs.

Carbonada - meat soup with finely diced beef and all kinds of vegetables.

Chancho en Piedra - a typical Chilean seasoning. Tomatoes, garlic, and onions grounded together.

Charquican - ground or diced meat cooked with garlic, onions, potatoes and pumpkin.

Cazuela de Ave - chicken soup with pieces of meat, potatoes, green beans or peas, rice or noodles.

Cazuela de Vacuno - beef soup with pieces of meat, potatoes, corn on the cob, carrots, onions.

Charquicán - potato, pumpkin, mince, onion, carrot sometimes with peas and corn.

Costillar de Chancho - baked spare ribs.

Curanto en Hoyo - a typical dish from the south of Chile. Traditionally prepared by heating fish, seafood, potatoes, some meat, milcaos and types of bread. On Easter Island it is called Umu Pae.

Curanto en Olla - same ingredients as the curanto en hoyo only that it is cooked in a pot instead of under the ground.

Common Drinks in Chile

BORGOÑA - Cold red wine with chopped strawberries.

CERVEZA - Beer.

COLA DE MONO - Aguardiente liquor with milk, Cinnamon, coffee and sugar. Typical drink around Christmas time.

FANSCHOP - A glass half filled with tap beer and the other half with fanta.

JOTE - Red wine with Cola.

LECHE CON PLÁTANO - fresh milk blended with banana.

MELON CON VINO - Melon Tuna (a type of Melon)

MOTE CON HUESILLO - cooked dried peaches and stewed corn served as a drink.

NAVEGADO - heated red wine with slices of orange and sugar.

PIPEÑO - a type of sweet fermented wine (semi-transparent in appearance).

PISCO - Chilean brandy liquor made from distilled grapes. Normally produced in the Valle del Elqui area in the Fourth region.

Climate

According to the Köppen system, Chile within its borders hosts at least seven major climatic subtypes, ranging from desert in the north, to alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and southeast, humid subtropical in Easter Island, Oceanic in the south and Mediterranean climate in central Chile. Average Temperature for four months in Chile has an average high temperatures of greater than 80 degrees F.

Geography of Chile

Chile is situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile is long and  narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) country between the Andes and the Pacific. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes.

Works Cited

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