Spanish-American Revolution

Mexican Revolution

Miguel Hidaglo

Miguel Hidalgo was a priest who was recruited to join the conspiracy to overthrow the Spanish rule in Mexico.  On September 15, 1810, Hidalgo rang the church bells in Dolores and announced his intent to rise up and take their independence from the Spanish.  Led by Hidalgo and commander Ignacio Allende, the army pushed on toward Mexico City.  After an untimely retreat and a tough battle, Hidalgo lost most of his men and was on the run.  Hidalgo was caught and taken captive to Chihuahua to stand trial.  He was then found guilty, stripped of his priesthood, and executed.

  Hidalgo is considered by many as the driving factory in the "Rising Fever"'of the revolution.  His call to action prompted the Mexican people to rise up and and fight for their independence

José Morelos

When Miguel Hidalgo kick-started the revolution, Morelos met with him to join the army.  Morelos was named a Lieutenant and took over the army after the death of Hidalgo.  While escorting the insurgent congress, Morelos was captured and sent to Mexico City as a prisoner.  Morelos was excommunicated and executed, but his spirit lived on through the people of Mexico throughout the rest of the revolution.  

Morelos would be considered the leading factor in the "Crisis" of the revolution.  He and his men fought the Royalist army and severely weakened the existing Spanish government, eventually culminating in the fall of the Spanish in Mexico.

South American Revolution

Juntas

The governments established by the Spanish americans in the absence of

the Spanish thrown. This junta system eventually drafts the first

constitution of the Spanish americas called the Constitution of 1812.

Juntas were a part of the rising fever and the convalescence. They

caused people to desire independence and they helped in the

reconstruction of latin america afterwards

Spanish Constitution of 1812

When the Cortes, the first national assembly to claim sovereignty in Spain, were given the opportunity to drive out the French, they had two options. The could either restore the absolutist "Old Regime" or adopt a new written constitution. Choosing the written constitution gave the Spanish more rights during the rising fever.

Original edition of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 which detailed the rights of the Spanish citizens and limited the monarchy's power

Miguel Hidaglo

Miguel Hidalgo was a priest who was recruited to join the conspiracy to overthrow the Spanish rule in Mexico.  On September 15, 1810, Hidalgo rang the church bells in Dolores and announced his intent to rise up and take their independence from the Spanish.  Led by Hidalgo and commander Ignacio Allende, the army pushed on toward Mexico City.  After an untimely retreat and a tough battle, Hidalgo lost most of his men and was on the run.  Hidalgo was caught and taken captive to Chihuahua to stand trial.  He was then found guilty, stripped of his priesthood, and executed.  

Hidalgo is considered by many as the driving factory in the "Rising Fever"'of the revolution.  His call to action pro

Royalists

Royalists are supporters (from American and European descent) of the various governing bodies of the Spanish Monarchy. They were sent by the king to fight during the crisis

Napoleon

A french military and political leader who brought much of Europe

under French control in the aftermath of the french revolution. By

conquering Spain and dethroning the previous king, King Ferdinand VII,

Napoleon allowed the Spanish colonies to rise up without oppressive

Spanish supervision. Napoleon was an important part of the crisis in

the revolution because without his conquest of Spain, the

spanish-american colonies would not have been under too strict of

supervision by Spain to have uprisings.

José Morelos

When Miguel Hidalgo kick-started the revolution, Morelos met with him to join the army.  Morelos was named a Lieutenant and took over the army after the death of Hidalgo.  While escorting the insurgent congress, Morelos was captured and sent to Mexico City as a prisoner.  Morelos was excommunicated and executed, but his spirit lived on through the people of Mexico throughout the rest of the revolution.  Morelos would be considered the leading factor in the "Crisis" of the revolution.  He and his men fought the Royalist army and severely weakened the existing Spanish government, eventually culminating in the fall of the Spanish in Mexico.

Pablo Morillo

In 1815, Spain sent Pablo Morillo as the commanding general of the

King's Royalist army to suppress the uprisings in Spain's south and

central american colonies. Although he was successful in winning

Morillo was an important part of the crisis in the Spanish American

Revolution because he and his armies directly opposed the liberating

army led by Bolivar fighting for Spanish-American independence

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