By: Kaylee Morris
Hey guys, I decided to make this blog after an accidental trip to Iran. Please don't ask how we landed in Iran, cause it's a LONG story. Well, anyway, I learned alot while I was there and it wouldn't hurt if I showed you what I saw.
1) Iran's Basic Facts-
Okay, first off, the country's basics. Here's everything I know: The country is Iran. The capital is Tehran. As for the flag I just put it above this article, it actually has a lot of meaning behind it. The flag has three equal horizontal bands of green, white, and red. The national emblem is centered in the white band and represents the word Allah. ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) is repeated twenty-two times in white Arabic script. Green is the color of Islam and growth, white symbolizes honesty and peace, and red stands for bravery and martyrdom. Cool right? I felt this was interesting.
2) Iran's Geography-
Next is where Iran is located. It is in what we call the Middle East, but it is mainly in Asia; surrounded by Afghanistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. Major Physical Pheatures are: Iran is a very rugged country of plateaus and mountains, dominated by the Elburz Mountains in the north, and the Zagros Mountains along its western borders. The central and eastern portion is covered by the Plateau of Iran. Major landmarks in the country are the Persepolis and the Milad Tower. Well, at least that's what I know of. Major bodies of water are the Clarence Strait, the Gulf of Oman, and the Strait of Hormuz. Two-thirds of Iran is either desert or mountains. Overall, rain is scarce and seasonal. This is really bad for the citizens, for they have little to drink.
3) Iran's Government-
Iran has a Theocratic Republic (Unlimited). The current supreme leader is Ali Khamenei. The current president is Hassan Rouhani. The Chief of State is the Supreme Leader who is chosen for life by the Assembly of Experts (a popularly elected body of 86 Islamic scholars and jurists charged with choosing the Supreme Leader and with deciding whether legislation is constitutional and faithful to Islamic Law). The Head of Government is the President elected by popular vote for a four year term. As for the citizens, fear of the government and security services is not as bad today as it was under the former Shah’s rule. The current Islamic Republic’s intelligence services, although sometimes as cruel as the former leader, spend far less time and effort policing free speech inside private homes. Citizens in Iran are recognizing their own human rights, making it more difficult for the government to deny these rights.
4) Iran's Economy-
The GDP of Iran is $13,100 (rank = 101). It is considerably poor compared to other countries. The official unit of currency is the Iranian rial, but Iranians almost always talk in terms of tomans, a unit equal to 10 rials. The top 5 Products exported by Iran are: Crude Petroleum (72%) Petroleum Gas (3.4%) Refined Petroleum (3.4%), Ethylene Polymers (3.3%), and Iron Ore (2.4%). The top 5 imported products from Iran are: Gold (13%), Wheat (3.3%), Semi-Finished Iron (2.6%), Corn (2.4%), and Rice(1.9%). The literacy rate of Iran is 77%, Male 84%, Female 70%. The life expectancy, as of 2012, is 73.76 years. The birth rate as of 2014 is 18.23 births/1,000 population. Most drinking water in Iran generally is supplied through modern infrastructure such as dams, reservoirs, long-distance transmission pipelines, and deep wells.
5) Iranian Culture-
The Iranians also have a interesting culture, from clothing to hobbies. When in public women are required to cover everything but their face, hands and feet. The most common uniform consists of a head scarf (roo-sari) to conceal the head and neck, a formless, knee-length coat, and a long dress or pair of pants. In and around holy sites, you will be expected to dress even more modestly. Men have a slightly easier time of things. Short-sleeved shirts and t-shirts are acceptable for daily wear. Whatever, moving on now. The major language they mainly speak is Persian. The music, however, has a interesting story. The music was mainly country and western in the Persian language. But then pretty much all music was banned and musicians moved to LA. Now, slowly, music is making a comeback in Iran. This paragraph is LONG compared to the others and I'm nowhere close to finishing. Moving on, major holdidays in Iran are: Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad) , Victory of Islamic Revolution, Nationalisation of Oil Industry Day, Nowruz (Persian New Year)... there are plenty more but I can't remember all of them. The major religion of Iran is Muslim (89% Shia, and 9% Sunni). Examples of their food are kofta (KOFtah, meatballs) and pilau (POO-lau). I brought my own meals so I didn't get to try any of these foods though. Though the country can have a strict dress code, the Iranians have found ways to have fun as well. Examples of activies the Iranians participate in are: going mountain climbing, skiing, bowling, trying different restaurants, and many more things.
Iran has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. This info I had to research 'cause I was only there over the summer... well it was hot! The average precipitation in depth (mm per year) in Iran was last measured at 228 in 2011. Here is a graph I downloaded of average yealy rainfall in Iran.
Wow, I'm actually suprised that worked (normally this website won't let me upload pics)! Anyway, onto the next thing I wanted to tell you. The average yearly temperature. The coldest month of the year is January with temperatures from 5 to 10 degrees celsius. The hottest month of the year is August with 20-30 degrees celsius or more. The climate can be extreme in many regions of the country making life hard for citizens by making the availability of water scarce.
I didn't really learn much about Iran's history whille I was there so I did some research. I was interested in the Islamic Revolution, which led to Iran becoming a Theocracy (2 cool stories!). Well, from what I understand, the former leader had to flee the country. Then a new man became the leader and banned almost everything. This affected the country because today some of the things that were banned are still banned. That was really short and there were more details but that was all I could understand.
8) Compare and Contrast-
Iran is so different from America it's unreal. I would just like to list a couple of the major differences. Okay, first off, Iran is a Theocracy America is a Democracy. These are 2 different governments. In a theocracy government is connected to religion. In a democracy government and religion are seperate. Also Iran has 2 main leaders. America multiple leaders, the Senate, House of Representatives, and the President.. That is 2 differences in government. On a different topic, Iran's climate is different from America's. Iran's climate is dry and Arid. America can be dry and hot but is also wet and cold in some areas. Plus, in Iran water is very scarce. In America there is plenty of water. That tells you what I mean, right? America and Iran are REALLY different.
Ha! Got you! I never went to Iran. This was all for a project in class. Here are all of the websites I used to research for this project ( I apoligize for sometimes accidentally posting the wrong link. If I did, I also want to give credit to those websites).