By: Ryan Sheppard Period 5 5-18-14
Trench warfare is one of the main types of warfare used during World War I. This method though, was not that useful for gaining ground. Trench warfare limited armies from pushing the enemy back because if you tried to rush forward to gain ground you were an open target and could be shot easily. Since it was very hard to gain ground and push enemies back, battles in trenches lasted a very long time.
In trenches there were a variety of weapons that the soldiers used. One of the weapons they used were flamethrowers. These weapons were useful up close because you could burn all of the enemies in the trench, but from a long distance they were pretty useless because the fire would not be able to reach the enemy. Another weapon that soldiers used in trenches were machine-guns. These weapons were invented while the war was going on. These weapons were good because they shot hundreds of bullets in seconds which did a lot of damage to the enemy. Also, in trenches there were tanks. Tanks were very good weapons because they could shoot missiles and tanks were also very hard to destroy.
Trenches had very bad conditions for the soldiers. If a man was shot they were buried practically where they were shot. So in the front lines of trenches there were many dead bodies. Also, in trenches there were rat infestations. Rats would come into trenches and feed off the dead bodies that were on the ground in the trench. Rats would also burrow into the dead bodies for shelter. There was also lice that many of the soldiers got which would cause diseases that would spread around the trench.
Trenches were laid out in a certain way. There were three rows of trenches, the front line, support trenches and reserve trenches. The front line was the first line of fire which was were the soldiers would shoot at the enemy. Support trenches were used to deliver supplies to the soldiers and were backup if needed. The reserve trenches were used for giving a break to soldiers that have been in the front line. Trenches were dug out in zigzags so if an enemy attacked they wouldn't be able to take out the whole trench.