The Aztec Empire

The Aztec empire rule most of what is now modern Mexico. Aztec emperor did not rule every city state directly. The Aztec empire was reaching from the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico until the Europeans invaded.    

Aztec clothing was normally not tight at all, in most cases it didn't cover the whole body. Their close was made of cotton or ayate fiber.

By 1500, four millions aztecs live in the Valley of Mexico and the surrounding valleys of Mexico.

The Aztecs believe in a sign that would be sent by their god of war and of the sun, the god told them that when they see an eagle perched on a cactus growing out of a rock their journey would end.

Aztecs believe in many gods. They had a supreme god called Ometeotl. Huitzilopotli, the god of the sun and war. Quetzacoatl, the god who had a more direct impact on the lives of people.

Atole- a thin gruel made of maize flour flavoured with fruits.

Pozole- Soup like food, consisted mostly of large kernels of maize.

Beans, avocados, tomatoes, and squash were also served in every Aztec meal.

Most of the food came from hunting and gathering. Also some food was brought by long-distance trading. They developed a sophisticated wetland farming system.

Aztecs used three calendars. The Tonalpohualli was the most important calendar of all, it was a 260-day calendar which marked the dates when the Aztecs ceremonies were to be held. They followed the three calendars to track planetary and solar events to make the most important decisions they had each year.

The Aztecs had a lot of mythology in their tales. Most of their folktales was based on mythological animals and warriors. Their gods names where always present in their stories.

Aztec Architecture was simple and sophisticated. With a lot of color and unique style. Aztecs used stones, chisels and blades for their constructions. They focused on building strong foundations.

Aztecs begin their migration somewhere between the 12th century A.D. Their migration took them to the Valley of Mexico, they established the capital at Tenoctiltlán. They believed that a sign would come from their god of war and of the sun, Huitzilopochtli, who had told them that when they see an eagle perched on a cactus growing out of a rock, their journey would end. In 1325, while the Aztecs were being attack by another people, they were propel into swamps and islands off Lake Texcoco, which was there were they saw an eagle perched on a cactus on a rock. For the following 100 years the Aztecs made temples, and other buildings, along with houses. The Aztecs believe in many gods, but there was only one supreme god to them called Ometeotl, which represented the powerful forces of heavens. Aztec religion was based on a belief in an unending scrabble between the forces of good and evil through out the universe. Aztecs believe the world would end by destruction of earthquakes. They practice human sacrifices, because they believe they could delay the final destruction of their world.

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