Child soldier definition:
Any child under the age of 18 who is recruited by a state or non-state armed group and used as a fighter, cook, suicide bomber, human shield, messenger, spy, or for sexual purposes (11 Facts About Child Soldiers 1).
10 Facts about child soldiering
1. 300,000 children – boys and girls under the age of 18 – are today involved in more than 30 conflicts worldwide (UNICEF 1).
2. Recruiting or using children under the age of 15 as soldiers is prohibited under international humanitarian law (Hamilton 1).
3. Children are used as combatants, messengers, reporters and cooks and for forced sexual services (UNICEF 1).
4. Technology growth, resulting in smaller automatic arms makes it easier to use child soldiers in armed conflict (10 Shocking Facts 1).
5. Some children may join armed groups as the only way to guarantee daily food and survival (UNICEF 1).
6. Countries who have reported use of child soldiers since 2011 are Afghanistan, Colombia, India, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Mali, Pakistan, Thailand, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen (10 Shocking Facts 1).
7. Child soldiers are preferred because they eat less food compared to adults and do not get paid (10 Shocking Facts 1).
8. These children can be abducted, recruited or join voluntarily due to political pressure or vengeance for their lost family members and friends (UNICEF 1).
9. Article 32(1) of the Convention on the Rights of a Child recognizes a child's right to protection from labor, which might harm in development (Kistenbroker 4).
10. Since 1998 over 100 thousand child soldiers have been reunited with their families after being released from armed rebels (10 Shocking Facts 1).
"10 Shocking Facts about Child Soldiers in Africa." Answers Africa. N.p., 18 June 2013. Web. 03 May 2015.
"11 Facts About Child Soldiers." Dosomething.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015.
Hamilton, Carolyn, and Laurent Dutordoir. "The Six Grave Violations Against Children During Armed Conflict: The Legal Foundation." Working Paper N° 1 (2013): 1-30. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Kistenbroker, Hillary V. "IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 32 OF THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD AS A DOMESTIC STATUTE: PROTECTING CHILDREN FROM ABUSIVE LABOR PRACTICES." Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law. 2012, Vol. 44 (2012): 1-34. Web. 3 May 2015.
UNICEF. "FACTSHEET: CHILD SOLDIERS." (n.d.): 1-4. Web. 3 May 2015.