Calligraphy:The Art Of Writing

Malavika Kashyap

The word 'Calligraphy' means beautiful writing. Calligraphy was used to write on the pages of books before the printing press was invented. Today, there are 3 types of Calligraphy we use: Roman, Arabic, and Oriental.

Origin of Calligraphy:

Calligraphy originated during the Stone Ages when the Cavemen made pictures to represent events in their life. The Egyptians played an important role in the development of Calligraphy when they created Hieroglyphs in 3600 B.C. They used brushes to write on the tombs and on papyrus paper. In 1000 B.C. the Phoenicians created what is said to be the first writing system. This influenced the Greeks and by 850 B.C., they had created their own type of writing which the Romans also adapted to. In the Middle Ages, the Monks created a new type of Calligraphy that allowed them to write more on one piece of paper since paper was more expensive at that time. This style became known as Gothic and was used throughout a lot of the Middle Ages. In the 15th century Johann Gutenberg discovered the printing press.In less than 100 years the demand for the artistic handwriting style decreased drastically.In the 19th century the flat-edged pens were replaced with fountain pens which made it difficult to make beautiful curves with because of it's rounded tip. Just as Calligraphy was about to lose it's value a British poet and artist, William Morris, reintroduced the flat-edged pen.

Purpose of Calligraphy:

Calligraphy used to be the form of elegant handwriting used all the time. After the invention of the printing press, it wasn't as popular as before and became used mainly for writing invitations and formal letters. Now we have computers that can write in that style.

How Calligraphy Works:

Once you have your paper, you take your flat-edged pen and write without changing the position of the pen. Dip beneath the base line and to the descender line for letters like g or y.

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