What Canada will look like in 2060
In Canada today, the current immigration, demography and information about the Metis, Inuit and Aboriginals today can help us speculate what it will look like in 2060.
Immigration has always been Canada's thing. Most immigrants that come to Canada today are from China, India and the Philippines. Canada needs immigration so that it can fulfill high demand job areas that Canada is looking for (e.g engineers, mechanics, doctors, dentists, ect), and so that people can work and help strengthen it's economy. There are 3 types of immigrants. First, economic immigrants (skilled workers and businessmen) selected for their skills and education. Second, the family immigrant, these are the children, grandparents, dependants, parents or consort already living in Canada are allowed for immigration if they are dependant on someone already living in Canada. Lastly, the refugee immigrant fleeing abuse or tyranny are allowed to immigrate to Canada, and are to be sponsored by a sponsor, not the government. The issue Canada faces right now is 80,000-12,000 illegal immigrants currently living in Canada that may have come as tourists or by other fraudulent means. Canada's immigration status right now indicates that it will likely increase due to the open immigration programs being some of the best in the world.
There are 3 types of Aboriginals living in Canada. First, the Inuit, Aboriginals who live in the Artic. Second, the Metis, offsprings of a mixture of Native and European settlers. Across Canada, a Metis identitification is based on having a double inheritance in both cultures. Third, the First Nations, who are Aboriginals that have been legally registered as "Status Indians" or Aboriginals who haven't been legally registered but still consider their indentity to be Aboriginal. In 1876, the Canadian Government created the Indian Act, which gave them control over who could be legalized as an Status Indian, which was a problem because their lives were controlled in a way to get away from their culture and true status. Currently in Canada today, the issue at hand is that Aboriginals are receiving less education healthcare, and more discrimination that Non-Aboriginal people, this issue is becoming more increasingly large and common. I think that this issue will continue because of the treaty being signed.
Canada's demography is very diverse from other countries in terms like birth rate, death rate, and also the question if Canada's population is getting older or younger. 17% of Canada's population consisted of young people under 15 years of age, 69% of persons aged 15 to 64 years, and 13% of persons aged 65 years and over(referenced from statscan.gc.ca). This means that Canada's population is aging(more seniors than the young), which means that the working age population is getting older. Ultimately, this shows that in the future there will be more people leaving the workforce than entering it. The Canada's current birthrate (since 2012) is 1.61 per woman(referenced from statscan.gc.ca). The current death rate in Canada is 7 deaths per 1,000 people(referenced from statscan.gc.ca). I think that Canada's population will be stable by 2060, judging by there being more people in the elder age group than in the pre-reproductive age groups, the population will grow slowly, and the people in the pre-reproductive groups will slowly start to decline as well, which also ties in with the birth rate and death rate, where the birth rate will decrease because of the declining population of pre-reproductive age groups declining, and the death rate will be on the rise because of the more people leaving the workforce influenced by the population growing older.
I definitely think that Canada's population will grow slowly and eventually start to decrease due to the declining of the pre-reproductive age groups which will have major influences on the fertality rate and the death rate.