World War ll was a blast
Fun Fact: This "nuclear bomb" was first used on august 6, 1945 during the early stages of world was ll. At the time, it was the largest collective scientific effort ever undertaken. It involved 37 installations across the US, 13 university laboratories and a host of prestigious participants such as the Nobel prizewinning physicists Arthur Holly Compton and Harold Urey.
"The splitting of the atom has changed everything except the way we think. Thus we drift towards unparalleled catastrophe. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive." - Albert Einstein
How are nuclear bombs made: The world's first nuclear explosion was achieved with plutonium, a man-made element produced in nuclear reactors."Plutonium is created when an atom of uranium-238 absorbs a neutron and becomes plutonium-239". The reactor generates the neutrons in a controlled chain reaction. For the neutrons to be absorbed by the uranium their speed must be slowed by passing them through a substance known as a "moderator." Graphite and heavy water have been used as moderators in reactors fueled by natural uranium.
The first bombs used by the united states
"Little Boy": First use of nuclear weapon in war: August 6, 1945.
Location: Hiroshima, Japan.
Detonation height: 580 meters.
Delivery mechanism: Airdropped from B-29 bomber named Enola Gay.
Yield: 12.5 kilotons.
Fissile material used: Uranium-235.
Method of detonation: "Gun-type" device.
Method of production: "Calutron" electromagnetic isotope separation.
"Fat Man": Second use of a nuclear weapon in war: August 9, 1945.
Location: Nagasaki, Japan.
Detonation Height: 500 meters.
Delivery mechanism: Airdropped from B-29 bomber named Bock's Car.
Yield: 22 kilotons.
Fissile material used: Plutonium-239.
Method of Detonation: Implosion.
Amount used: 6.2 kilograms.
"Ivy Mike": First hydrogen bomb tested: November 1, 1952.
Location: Elugelab Island, Enewetak Atoll.
Yield: 10.4 megatons.
"If the Third World War is fought with nuclear weapons, the fourth will be fought with bows and arrows." - Lord Louis