Cancer is a chronic disease (a long term disease) and it can be managed like other diseases, such as diabetes. Even if it cannot yet be cured, it can be treated, and patients can live long and active lives.
TYPES OF TREATMENTS:
RADIO THERAPY: Bombarding cancer with x-rays, subatomic particle beams, or particles from radioactive isotopes (shrinks tumors by damaging the cancer cells' DNA, thus disrupting their reproduction.
CHEMOTHERAPY: Uses drugs to treat cancer that has spread to different parts of the body through the blood or the lymphatic system-the system of lymph nodes, organs, and thin tubes that produce lymph fluid and transports it throughout the body. They can damage cancer cells' DNA, prevent cell division, and disrupt cell growth.
SURGERY: The cutting out of the cancer, is the most successful treatment if the tumor has not spread and can be removed without damaging organs or causing other problems.
MULTIMODALITY: The combination of treatments, it is often the best way to treat cancer, because they mix and match treatments that best fit the patient. The choice of treatments and the order in which to apply them depend on the stage and type of cancer.
• Cancer is second only to heart disease as the leading cause of death in the United States.
• Each year 550,000 Americans will die of this disease.
• Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related death in both men and women.
• Over the past 10 years, death rates in the United States due to cancer have steadily declined.
Knowing about cancer and all the treatments and options there are is important because it gives us hope for a cure. All the research scientists have put in to make these treatments and then innovate them time after time shows that it is all only a part of a much bigger picture.