The Muslim Empire
math, medicine, and money.
The Muslim Empire was created around 600 CE, and was eventually taken over by the Ottoman Empire.
The Muslims were a very innovative and creative empire. They spread Gupta math ideas, and created Algebra and Trigonometry. They created hospitals, wrote medical textbooks, and doctors were required to pass exams to practice medicnine. Their architecture was influenced by Byzantine and Indian styles. They also learned from Greek ideas of astronomy and created their own astronomical tables. They had their own Islamic Law, based on the Islamic religious laws in the Qur'an. Finally, they were one of the first empires to use money and allow credit to be used.
The Muslims had a goal to spread Islam to other people. They used military conquest and trade to do so. Their conquest took about 100 years to expand most of their empire. The Muslims were great fighters, and believed if they died in battle, they would go directly to heaven. (Jihad) They conquered people fairly, better than previous rulers.
The Battle of Tours happened in 732 CE in Southern France. The Muslims faced French Christians led by Charles Martel. The Muslims were defeated and their advance into Europe was stopped.
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