The ABC's of Culture


Created by: Jahnavi Kirkire

Greece is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Sea of Crete, and the Aegean Sea. It is also surrounded by Turkey, Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Albania.


-Greek women often wear dresses more than American women.

-Traditional costumes are worn at folk festivals and on any special occasions

-Older women in the rural areas often wrap scarves on their heads

-Fashionable clothing is popular in the younger generation, it is derived from the Western Civilization

This family is getting ready for a special Easter Celebration.


-The family unit is high priority in Greece, it is absolutely necessary that no member bring shame or dishonor onto the family

-In rural, or lower-class families, children are expected to work in the fields or in the family business

-In urban areas, younger fathers often do some household chores and help raise the children, but fathers in rural areas rarely do these tasks.-Both men and women work in the fields.  

-In urban areas, younger fathers often do some household chores and help raise the children, but fathers in rural areas rarely do these tasks.

This is a typical family on the streets of Athens.


-The first Olympics were held in 776 BC

-Philip of Macedonia conquered Greece in 338 BC

-By 146 BC, Greece had become apart of the Roman Empire

-”After four centuries of Turkish rule (the Ottoman Empire), the Greeks began a war of independence in 1821, supported by Britain, France, and Russia. In 1832, Prince Otto of Bavaria became the king of the newly independent state of Greece.”

- “In 1967 a group of army colonels staged a coup. From 1967 to 1974, the colonels ruled as a repressive dictatorship. Their fall in 1974 allowed for general elections, through which voters rejected a return to monarchy and established a republic.”

This is a painting of the Greek War of Independence when under Turkish rule.


-Hippocrates was often referred to as the father of medicine, and is regarded as one of the most important physicians in history. He laid down the foundation for scientific practices.

-.As a young man, Plato began to study with Socrates. Upon Socrates' death, Plato began writing down many of Socrates' teachings. Plato then set up his own school, the Academy. He is perhaps most famous for his Republic, the ideas explored in that work include the theory of forms or ideas as opposed to physical things (Plato was a philosopher.)

-”Although Pheidippides is included in many histories, his status is semi-legendary and little is known about his life. Still, it is believed that in 490 BC, he ran from Marathon to ask Sparta for help on behalf of the Athenians fighting the Persians in Marathon. He supposedly ran the 150 miles between the sites in two days. He is also credited with delivering the notice of the Athenian victory back to Athens.”(Pheidippides was a messenger.)

This is Hippocrates, considered the "Father" of Medicine, and a very famous physician.

Ways to Have fun

-“With an Olympic tradition, the Greeks love to play sports, especially soccer, basketball, swimming, windsurfing, and sailing. Skiing is also popular, and Greece has more than 20 ski resorts. Football (soccer), basketball, and volleyball (to a lesser extent) are favorite spectator sports.”

-On weekends, city families may leave the city to visit a family-owned country home, go to the beach, or go skiing or fishing.

-Cinema, theater, and concerts are also popular. They are popular throughout the year, but especially during the summer, cultural festivals are organized across the country and include concerts, theater, and dance performances.

-”Neighborhood coffee stores are a traditional place of leisure for men. While there, men play tavli (backgammon), watch television, and discuss politics. However, people of all ages and both genders may go out for coffee. Rural women are more likely to stay at home with other women to do crafts and talk.”

This is the Olympic Flame, and flame that is lit for the international competition every 4 years.


-”Traditionally, lunch was the main meal of the day and was served in the early afternoon (between 12:00(p.m.) and 2 p.m.). However, due to changing work schedules, gathering for a meal at midday is no longer possible for many families. Dinner is frequently the main meal and is often eaten as late as 8 or 9 p.m.”

-In Greece, the Greeks consider it rude to leave any food on the plate- so as to not insult the cook, and leaving the table before everyone is finished is considered impolite

-The waiter or waitress service is often included in the bill, so tipping is not standard in many restaurants.

Listen to paragraphThis is Greek Salad, with feta, olives, and veggies. Greeks eat this pretty often,and it is a very common meal, even in the U.S. :D


Principle #6: Culture grows and changes.

The Greek Culture has changed a lot throughout the centuries, like the architecture, the food, and the recreation.

Principle #2: Culture helps us relate to the world, and therefore, affects everything.

As many people in Greece follow some type of Christianity, so that affects what days they get off from working, what festivals they celebrate {widely}, and much more. Also, their culture affects how they act, and anything they do.

What have you taken away?

           I have learned that the culture for many things- is different in many places. Being a Hindu, I have many different beliefs than a Christian, or a Muslim. I have learned that you should have an open mind- towards everything, and respect every religion, as well as the people. Also, I have learned that everything and everyone is unique- in every way, and we should embrace that with open arms! Everyone is different and unique in their own way- with culture, religion, beliefs, and we are here to think about it with an open mind, an a good mindset.


Greece Map:

Dress Image:

Olimbos, Karpathos Island, Greece.. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 2 Jun 2015.

Family Image:

Daily Life In Athens As Greece Prepares To Go To The Polls. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 2 Jun 2015.

History Image:

Delacroix, Greek War of Independence. Photo. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 2 Jun 2015.

Idols Image:

Hippocrates. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 2 Jun 2015.

Ways To Have Fun Image:

Olympic Flame. 2012. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2015. Web. 2 Jun 2015.

Yum Image:

Greek Salad with feta and olives, Greek food, Greece, Europe. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 3 Jun 2015.

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2 years ago