In 2014, one virus appeared in Africa and released a wave of terror all around the globe. This virus is called Ebola. Populations are scared to death of this killing disease, but they generally don't know much about it. This is why we are here today to make a Q&A about the origins of the disease.
Q: Is it true the virus was first contracted when an African had sexual interactions with an infected animal?
A: No, this is a myth. The first cases came from infected animals, this is true, but it was not from sexual interactions. The first human infected were from bites of infected fruit bat.
Q: Is 2014 the first outbreak of the Ebola virus?
A: No, the first outbreak of this disease was in 1976. It happened in Soudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the virus was named after the Ebola River in the Zaire (region of the Democratic Republic of Congo).
Q: How many was infected in the first outbreak?
A: The first outbreak infected about 218 people in both Soudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It had a mortality rate of about 53%
Q: Is there only one type of Ebola?
A; No. there is actually 5 strains of Ebola of which 4 have caused disease in humans. First there is the original Ebola which is the one that cause the first outbreak we talked about earlier. The second to appear is the Ebola-Zaire (EBOZ), the deadliest variant of the Ebola virus to date with 88% mortality. Its origin is still unknown. The third strain to appear was the Ebola Reston (EBOR), caused by infected monkeys from the Philippines, but thankfully didn't cause an outbreak. The few people who contracted the virus never made it to an advanced stage of the disease. The last strain is Ebola Cote d'Ivoire (EBO-CI), it was discovered by a scientist performing an autopsy of a monkey in Cote d'Ivoire. The virus was soon taken care of and did not cause an outbreak.