By Mim McGraw

The Cause Of The Disease

Rabies is a disease caused by a virus called the Rabies Virus. Infected animals spread the virus by their infected saliva. If the animal is infected the virus can be spread quickly and very easily, all that needs to happen is a infected animal just needs to bite a human or another animal.  The virus can also be spread by the infected saliva getting into a cut or an open wound although this is rare. The rabies virus attacks the Central Nervous System which includes the Spinal Chord and the Brain of humans and animals.

How Is It Spread?

Rabies is mostly spread when an mammal has infected saliva and passes it on by normally biting another mammal that is uninfected. Rabies can rarely be transmitted by the mucus membrane such as eyes, mouth or nose or even organ transplants. The Rabies virus travels along the Nerve cells to the brain then it multiples at the brain and then moves to the salivary glands in an animal, it is the same cycle once the animal bites another animal or human.

This is a diagram that shows you the steps of how it enters the body.

Is Rabies A Widespread Disease Or Endemic To Particular Location In The World?
Is the Disease Common?

Rabies is founded in more than one hundred and fifty countries and territories. The most common places people die of rabies every year are Africa and Asia, most of the 55 thousand people that die every year are from Africa or Asia. Dogs are the main animals that carry Rabies with them. Rabies is quite common around the world but it isn't founded in every country.   

This is a picture of where rabies is found around the world.

Symptoms Of The Disease

The symptoms for Rabies are quite vague, some people get the symptoms mixed up with different diseases. The symptoms are having problems Sleeping, Headaches and Vomiting, lack of appetite, Chills throughout the body and a high temperature of 38 degrees Celsius or above.    

How Long Does It Take For The Symptoms To Become Obvious?

When a human gets Rabies by the animal biting them it can take between two weeks and eight weeks but if you get Rabies by the mucus membrane or even organ transplants it can take between ten days or two years.
When a animal gets Rabies it depends what species of animals it is, but for dogs it normally takes between fourteen and sixty days.

This is a graph showing how many animals got Rabies in the years 1958-2008

The Treatments Used?

Treatment for Rabies before the symptoms appear consist of getting a doctor to thoroughly clean out the cut or wound and also by giving a person an injection of Rabies Immune Globulin and another injection of Rabies vaccine as soon as possible after the bite from the infected animal. It is highly recommended that additional injections of the Rabies vaccine on the Third, Seventh and Fourteenth day after exposure. If symptoms go untreated or undiagnosed,  it is more likely that you will die from Rabies, only a handful of people have survived from Rabies if they don't get the correct treatment soon enough. There are no new treatments founded for Rabies there is just the injection of Immune Globulin.

The Prognosis Of A Patient With And Without Treatment

The prognosis for people that don't take the treatment quick enough or not at all is not good only a handful of people have survived without treatment for Rabies but if you treat the Rabies in early stages of the symptoms it can be overcome and you most likely will recover from the virus, Rabies.


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By Mim McGraw

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