symbol: F , Group: 17
- fluorine has a cystal like stucture that is cubic
- the element fluorine has two energy levels which is 2 & 7 ,
- the number of isotopes that are found in this element is 18 ( F-18 ) .
- Fluorine has 9 electrons & 9 protrons and 10 nuetrons .
- Its atomic number is 9 & has an atomic mass of 18.998403 .
- This element is known as a halogen and its name is from the latin word flus ( flow )
- its melting point is 219.62 degrees C & its boiling point is 188.14 degrees C .
Discoverer of fluorine :Henri Moissan
Henri Moissan won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work for isolating fluorine from its compounds it has . Moissan was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee.
Uses of fluorine
Until World War II, there was no production of elemental fluorine. The nuclear bomb project and nuclear energy applications
Fluorine and its compounds are used in producing uranium (from the hexafluoride) and more than 100 commercial fluorochemicals, including many high-temperature plastics. Hydrofluoric acid is used to etch light bulbs and other glass.
Elemental fluorine has been studied as a rocket propellant as it has an exceptionally high specific impulse value.
Fluorine gas is a pale yellow, corrosive gas, which reacts with most organic and inorganic substances. Finely divided metals, glass, ceramics, carbon, and even water burn in fluorine with a bright flame.