Brandon Norton and Carsyn Bernhardt

Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by bacterial or viral infection, in which the air sacs fill with pus and may become solid. It is an acute disease with an incubation period that can last up to three days. It is caused biologically, because it can be caused by almost any class of organism.

Areas that are exposed to certain chemicals, pollutants, or toxic fumes are at a greater risk of having their populations infected. Infants who are 2 years old or younger with developing immune systems and people who are 65 years old or older with weak immune systems are at extreme risk if they contract the disease. Pneumonia is responsible for 20 percent of child deaths globally. Seventy-four percent of new pneumonia cases occur in just 15 countries, mostly in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, with 43 million cases in India alone. Pneumonia is fairly common, but it mostly affects the elderly and young children.

Prevention Methods:

  • Stop smoking. You're more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke.
  • Avoid people who have infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia.
  • Stay away from people who have colds, the flu, or other infections.
  • If you haven't had measles or chickenpox or if you didn't get vaccines against these diseases, avoid people who have them.
  • Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.

Citations:"Pneumonia." - Learn. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.
"Pneumonia - Understanding ARIs - The Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) Atlas." Pneumonia - Understanding ARIs - The Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) Atlas. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.
"Who Is at Risk for Pneumonia?" - NHLBI, NIH. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.

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