The American 1920s:
1) The Great Migration- After World War One, African Americans wanted to escape the farming lifestyle, so they moved to the cities and created tensions with the whites over housing and jobs.
2) African American Protests- African Americans acted upon the whites' actions, and created protests to improve their lifestyle.
3) The Harlem Renaissance- The Harlem Renaissance was the first literary and artistic movement in African American history.
" Millions to Leave the South. Northern Invasion will Start in Spring - Bound for the Promise Land." -newspaper company in 1917
During the Great. Migration, 1.5 million Blacks moved to the cities. Harlem was the largest African American city-within-city, 200,000 Blacks lived there.
Organizations like NAACP fought for desegregation in Northern cities during the 1920's. And the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) helped create jobs for African Americans in the cities.
The Harlem Renaissance was the first literary and artistic movement in African American culture. People like W.E.B. Du Bois was Harvard's first African American Ph.D., and began to trace black culture in the US back to its African roots. Jubilee Singer's introduced negro spirituals into the public.