Totalitarian rulers during WWII:

  • Benito Mussolini - Italy
  • Germany - Adolf Hitler
  • Japan - Hideki Tojo
  • Soviet Union - Joseph Stalin
  • United States - President FDR
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Hidki Y


Appeasement is giving in to an aggressive nation to avoid war.


  • Japan seized Manchuria
  • Italy invades Ethiopia
  • Germany invades Poland       

Germany invading Poland was the start of WWII.

Yalta Conference

At the Yalta Conference, the "Big Three", Stalin, Churchill, and President FDR, met to discuss the terms once the war was over.  They agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war in the Pacific against Japan within 3 months of a German surrender.

Germany's Surrender

Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945 and Hitler committed suicide.

U.S. enters WWII

  • Pearl Harbor caused U.S. to enter WWII.
  • They would use other factories to build weapons and tanks.
  • The U.S. used Island-hopping in the Pacific to take back the islands that Japan was in control of.
  • The U.S. passed the Neutrality Acts that made it illegal to aid a European country in war.

Rise of Totalitarian Reigns

Benito Mussolini in Italy

  • Poor economic conditions and anger of "betrayal" of Versailles Treaty led to rise of Benito Mussolini.

Rise to Power:

  • Became popular by supporting workers & peasants & stopped communists revolution in Italy.
  • Created Blackshirts (secret police force) to enforce goals of Fascists & led a March on Rome in 1922.
  • As dictator, Mussolini consolidated power by ending democratic rule, strengthened military, spread patriotism & nationalism.

Adolf Hitler in Germany

Formed the Brownshirt (secret police) to enforce ideas.

Blamed Jews for problems

Rise to power:

Reorganized NAZI party after release from jail and mad speeches promoting NAZI party.

Hitler was feared by Weimar Republic, thought they satisfy Hitler by naming him chancellor in 1933.

Hideki Tojo in Japan

  • Tojo was appointed Prime Minister of Japan on October 14th, 1941.
  • Tojo authorized the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941.

Joseph Stalin in Italy

Stalin also launched an invasion of Finland.

Stalin proceeded to annex parts of Poland and Romania.

President FDR

Commander-in-chief during the World War 2.

Lead the United States through the Great Depression and World War 2.

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