Thaddeus Stevens was born on April 4th, 1782 in Danville, VT.
Stevens was strongly opposed to slavery and the unequal treatment of the African American people before, during, and after the civil war. And as a result of his beliefs he was thought of as a radical and not taken very seriously by the rest of the republican party. Stevens strongly believed that slavery should not survive the war and was frustrated by how long it took Lincoln to support his beliefs.
In July 1861, Stevens secured an act that confiscated the property, Including slaves, of the rebels. However in November of that same year his resolution to emancipate all slaves was shut down. But legislation did pass that did abolish slavery on the bordering states.
After the war ended Stevens urged Congress to authorize the Bureau Of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned lands to set up schools and distribute 40 acres of confederate land to each family of the freed slaves.