Imperialism in India...
History of india
Britain formed the British East India Company who won trading rights in the Mughal empire. The British conquered India because India was so diverse. When the Mughal empire's power failed, India fragmented. Britain did a mean thing and encouraged disunity.
Britain wasn't a total bully: however, its main goal was to make money. Britain did want to preserve peace. Britain required Sepoys to serve anywhere they wanted them to. Sepoys were Indian soldiers required to serve Britain. One very controversial action by Britain was enforcing the "load rifles" command, which made the soldiers bite the tip of the cartridge. The cartridge was greased with pig or cow fat, which was against the Hindu and Muslim religions. Thus, the Sepoy Rebellion was born.
Effects of Imperialism in India
The Sepoy Rebellion left a sense of fear, mistrust, and hatred on both the British and Indian sides. This became an unequal partnership, not like it was ever equal. Deforestation, famine, and population growth were also effects of British rule. However, India also benefited from Britain ruling.
A good thing that happened to India was the opening of the Suez Canal. This caused trade to increase in India. However, the British also brought in machine-made textiles that got rid of the previously prosperous hand-weaving industry. Britain encouraged nomads to farm and those that farm to make cash crops. They cleared for farmlands, causing deforestation.
Britain's rule brought a sense of order and peace to India. The legal system was revised and railroads were made. The wealthy benefited the most because they're sons were sent to British schools. Indian landowners became rich from exporting cash crops.
Nationalism eventually grew in India. The Indian National Congress was created and they looked forward to self-rule. Muslims formed the Muslim League in 1906 because they were afraid a government run by Hindus would oppress their culture.
This is a map of India when Britain took over. This is a map from 1857-1858. According to the legend, the orange area pictures where the Sepoy Revolt took place. As of 1805, Britain controlled the areas in dark green and controlled the areas in light green as of 1857.
People in india
In the early 1800s, Ram Mohun Roy combine Hindu and Muslim cultures. He knew Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian. He also thought that India could learn from what the West was doing. Ram wanted to reform Indian culture and was against some traditions. He was against caste separation, purdah, child marriage, and sati.
In 1885, leaders of India's nationalism made the Indian National Congress. The members used peaceful protests to gain what they wanted: democracy, self-rule, and Western-style modernization.