Federalists & Anti-Federalists at the Constitutional Convention
Sara Brown and Justin Davis
Federalists were the wealthy and well educated. They supported the idea of a powerful centralized government. They were responsible for writing the federalist papers to support the constitution. Famous Federalists include Jay, Hamilton, and Madison.
Antifederalists were farmers who were afraid of a strong central government and didn't want to be taken advantage of. They refused to accept the constitution unless there was a bill of rights enacted. Famous antifederalists were Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams.
The convention was originally supposed to simply revise the articles of confederation but instead drafted the constitution, sending it to states on September 28th, 1787.
A lady asked Dr. Franklin "Well doctor what have we got a republic or monarchy?" The doctor replied "A republic, if you can keep it."
- Benjamin Franklin Farrand's Records
"The convention probably foresaw what it has been a principal of aim of these papers to inculcate that the danger which most threatens our political welfare, is that the state governments will finally sap the foundations of the union."
- Alexander Hamilton Federalist Papers