Fabric Construction

Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom.

  • Plain weave: the simplest weave in which the weft yarn is passed over then under each warp yarn.
  • Twill weave: a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row.
  • Satin weave: a weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats.

Knitting: constructing fabric by looping yarns together.

  • Weft knits: knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops.
  • Warp knits: knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.

Quilted fabric: a layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching.

Fabric finishing: applying colors, designs or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics.

  • Bleaching: chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers.
  • Dyeing: a method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment.
  • Printing: the process of adding color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics.
  • Mechanical: finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically.
  • Chemical: finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reactions with the fibers.

Comment Stream