How to teach students with dyslexia using different strategies?
Dyslexia is a common reading disorder that causes difficulties with student's literacy skills. Students with Dyslexia are often frustrated and may feel mentally abused by their classmates, because they have learning disability. Class teachers need an understanding of the problems that the students with dyslexia might have within classroom. It is class teacher's responsibility to provide safe environment for all students to feel comfortable, develop self-confidence and self-esteem. There are strategies that teachers can use in their classroom to encourage student with dyslexia to improve literacy skills and experience the feeling of success and self-value.
Dyslexia also known as reading disability is a brain based type of learning disorder that impairs student's ability to read. students with dyslexia may have hard time recognizing familiar words and sounding out written words, they might have difficulty with reading fluency, and poor understanding of what they read.
International Dyslexia Association suggest that 15-20% of world's population has some form of dyslexia.
Students read below their grade level or expected reading level. student might have problem processing and understanding the words they hear. students might have difficulty seeing similarities and difference in words and letters. In middle school, student with dyslexia might have hard time summarizing the text, organizing papers, and might have difficulty memorizing.
Cause of Dyslexia
Dyslexia is genetic disorder that effects the part of the brain called Broca's area, the part of the cortex, that is concerned with language. the inherited genes interfere with the ability to convert written letters into speech.
Assessment of language processing is important to understand what sort of weaknesses are possessed in particular student. this assessment will give teachers ideas to plan their lesson appropriate for needs of students with dyslexia (Hudson, High, and Otaiba, 2007).
Teacher can provide books on CDs, tapes, or electronic reader that student can listen. Teacher should allow students to use highlighter to mark important information. Teacher should reduce homework assignments for students with dyslexia.
Teacher should help students find their passion in learning. Sometimes, student prefer to draw instead of writing text.
Teachers can implement music in his/her lesson plan to encourage students to repeat the words. for example, teacher can play song of solar system and students will love to repeat the name of the planet in order without feeling overwhelmed.
Research has suggested that music is beneficial for students with Dyslexia. according to a research study by Katties Overy, vocal based music helped students with dyslexia to improve and increase scores on phonological and spelling skills.
Teacher should use structured reading scheme for repetition of words and slowly introduce new words. Teacher should motivate students to read and provide book access for all level readers. Reading should be fun activity for all students.
Teacher could provide short list of structured based list of spelling for weekly spelling test. Teachers can train students with dyslexia to look out of errors
Advice for Read Aloud
Teacher should give advance time (notice) for student with dyslexia to read the text, so student gets the opportunity to participate in read aloud.
Hudson, R., High, L., Obtaiba, S. (2007). Dyslexia and The Brain: What Does Current Research Tell Us?. Reading Teacher. Vol.60 Issue 6. Retrieved from: EBSCOHOST.com
Canter, L. (2006). Teacher Strategies for students with Dyslexia. Internation Dyslexia Association. Retrieved on 05/06/2015 from: www.visd.com
Crean, M. (2013). Essential Reading Intervention For A Student With Dyslexia. SpecificLearning Disability. Retrieved on 5/06/2015 from: topnotchteaching.com
Heikkila, E. Knight, A. (2012). Inclsuive Music Teaching Strategies forElementary-Age Children with Developmental Dyslexia. Music Educators Journal. Vol. 99 Issue 1, p54-59.6p. retrieved from: ebscohost.com on 5/4/2015)
Hudson, R., High, L., Obtaiba, S. (2007). Dyslexia and The Brain: What DoesCurrent Research Tell Us?. Reading Teacher. Vol.60 Issue 6. Retrieved from: EBSCOHOST.com on 5/6/2015.
Moats, C. Dakin, Karen. (2008). Basic facts about Dyslexia and other Reading Problems. International Dyslexia Association. Retrieved from: www.eida.org
Pevzner, H. (2015). When Reading is not Easy. Dyslexia Yale Association. Scholestic Parent and Child. Retrieved on 05/06/2015 from:http://dyslexia.yale.edu/YCDCInNews/whenreadingisnteasyPandCFeb2015.pdf
Shaywitz, S. (2015). Strategies for Students with Dyslexia. Dyslexia Yale Association. Retrieved on 05/06/2015 from: dyslexia.yale.edu