Interior Plains

Come and join me in Edmonton, Alberta for an experience like no other!

There’s nothing like the smell of fresh air, or even better, the smell of fresh cut hay! I would know being a proud farmer myself. And with a lot of knowledge and experience, I would like to formally invite you to Canada's leading farm community: Edmonton, Alberta. Here you will find the best farmland conditions located in the outstanding region of the Interior Plains.

I want to introduce the importance of agriculture or at least change the stereotypical image of a farmer. To make use of the vast region, preferred climate and rich soil, I have created a business called Nutriqual. I am looking for trained farmers to come to Edmonton, Alberta, maintain a farm, and give tours to customers who come and visit the farms for an adventure and country-like experience. I will profit from this business by selling the crops and by the sales of the tours.

Interior Plains Location
Edmonton, Alberta Location

Physical Region


Agriculture is a hard day's work but the conditions in the Interior Plains makes it all easier.

Edmonton has a prairie-steppe type climate. This means it usually enjoys sunny weather, even in winter, and the majority of precipitation comes in summer as convectional precipitation. Edmonton has a dry climate with little of the summer humidity. This creates the perfect situation for growing crops by providing enough sunlight for the plants but it will be cool enough so you won't break a sweat. The city is known for it's high sunshine hours and steady weather.

Edmonton, Alberta Climate Graph

The city has a continental climate for the following reasons:

  • The average annual temperature is 3.6 degrees Celsius
  • The temperature range is 30 degrees Celsius
  • The total precipitation averages 461.1 mm
  • Winters have an average of 365 mm of precipitation
  • Summers have an average of 545 mm of precipitation.
Edmonton, Alberta Climate Graph

Edmonton has warm and dry air due to the winds blowing from the Western Cordillera. It is located in the south of the region, so latitude has a beneficial effect, making the growing seasons longer. The Interior Plains is nowhere near oceans, so the moderating effect and ocean currents do not have an influence on the climate. 


Although grass is great for farming, the interior plains' landscape includes much more than just the prairie grasslands. You'll find that this entire region is generally flat in elevation with low hills. There is a lot of open land for crop space. After the last ice age, the ground was scraped clean as the continental glaciers deposited huge rocks in holes, leaving the city flat and smooth with rolling hills. The glaciers were moving south and carried the weathered rock laying on top of the mantle with it .They also left small valleys that are now rivers used as an easily accessible water source for the livestock.

Grasslands in the Interior Plains

Rock Types

Some of Canada's oldest rocks from the Archean and Proterozoic eons are found here in the plains. The regional topography is determined as flat-lying lime stones with  a sedimentary bedrock consisting mainly of siltstone and sandstones. The bedrock was a result of sedimentary deposits after the glacier passed. Under the farmland of the city are mineral resources such as potash and salt, as well as oil, natural gas and coal. Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks are also found here and due to the geologic history of rising, falling, eroding and faulting, and the limited volcanic activity and earthquakes, they have become very solid and durable rocks.

Potash found in the Interior Plains


One of the most important aspects of a successful farm is the quality of the soil. Alberta's soil is full of organic material and has the ability to effectively transport water and nutrients to plants. It is known to be fertile and rich with a balance of sand, clay, dirt and rock. Due to the dry and warm climate, Edmonton's soil is constantly under calcification, which is the real secret to farming. This happens when most of the nutrients rest in the bedrock layer and as the warm air evaporates the water, it flows up to the roots, leaving the crops with the desired amount of nutrients. Some of the most popular vegetation that grow here are oats, barley and wheat. The dryer regions are good for growing cattle. There are many trees also such as fir, pine and spruce.

Trees and Crops in the Interior Plains

Natural Disasters

When it comes to farming, you're your own boss but mother nature still has control.

Flooding is one of the downfalls to the region because the land is so dry. The disaster can be caused by many things but the lack of constant precipitation in Alberta is one the leading causes. The plains is subject to a few heavy rainfalls, and as the water gathers in the nearby rivers, it overflows. River flooding can last weeks or even longer. The interior plains is prone to floods because of its landscape. A steep valley, the amount of vegetation and the rock-type could all effect the likelihood of the natural disaster.

The water could destroy the crops and the pressure could even take down barns. This could ruin the business because there won't be any crops to sell and the water won't evaporate from the soil for weeks. Tourism will be held off until the damages are fixed and the crops are re-planted.

Flooded Crops

Climate Change

As we pollute our Earth by constantly burning fossil fuels, we create an imbalance of gases in our atmosphere. These additional gases are preventing the heat from escaping the atmosphere, and maybe even seizing agriculture. 

Although climate has a huge influence on farming, it will be climate change that could abolish the natural resource. Generally speaking, crop yields across the country are probably going to fall as the planet warms up. The increase in temperatures and precipitation will kill the plants and leach the soil. As the moisture from the water evaporates to the air, the plants will have nothing to consume. The dryer the air gets, the higher chance of a forest fire that could destroy all the crops. As the water evaporates quickly, it will fall back down in heavy rainfalls, leaching the soil and rising the sea levels. The excessive water could overflow and flood the livestock. Because plants rely on carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere for photosynthesis, plants will thrive with all the extra CO2 out there.

The future holds many negative impacts and our profits could suffer. The destroyed crops will have no value and tourists will refuse to visit a wiped out farm.

However, there will be benefits of global warming as the growing season lengthens and the amount of land that can be used for agriculture will expand.

Dried Out Crops Due To High Temperatures

Human Activities

The Interior Plains region offers a variety of sport and recreational activities.

In the winter, tourists and residents can go skiing, skating, play hockey and go dog-sledding.There are cold temperatures and an appropriate amount of snowfall to help maintain perfect conditions for these sports. The Interior Plains receive between 100 mm and 500 mm of snow. Since the land used to be mountainous, there are slight hills and smooth bumps that make the sports appealing.

During the summer, you could swim, hike, jog, hunt and play sports like soccer. The season tends to be warm and long so there is a lot of time to get through everything!

The interior plains is known to have a very rich history because the First Nations settled in this region, and their traditions are still alive. Aboriginal's games fall into two broad categories: games of chance and games of dexterity. The first includes dice games and hidden ball games and the second includes archery, the snow snake, the hoop and pole game, and various ball and running games.

First Nations Children Taditions

Another important human activity is mining because under the light sedimentary rocks, there are may natural resources such as natural gas, oil, and salt.

Touring Mining Holes

The Interior Plains is a beautiful and exciting region with lots to do! Come join Nutriqual as a farmer, or come as a tourist and learn how to appreciate where your food comes from!

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