Nepal The Roof of the World
At a height of 4,600 feet Nepal's capital Kathmandu sits at the heart of the Nepal's most urbanized area. This large Capitol has a population of around 1 million people out of the 25.9 million living in Nepal today. The city has a population density of 17,000 people per square kilometer. The urbanized city is surrounded by various mountains including Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri.
In the country of Nepal the offical language is Nepali and you'll find yourself in a Constitutional Monarchy with your leader being Sushil Koirala. In this capitalist economy you'll have to trade in your american dollars for the Nepalese Rupee, 98 NPR (Nepalese Rupee) have the same equivalent amount of 1 dollar. For a country with a GDP of $1,500 there is a 71% Literacy Rate for men and a 47% Literacy Rate for woman and the Life Expectancy isn't too high either. The Life Expectancy for the average male is 67 years and for the average female it's 69 years.
Nepal's National Anthem
English Translation: Hundreds of flowers - Us, one garland - Nepali Sovereign, spread out from Mechi to Mahakali. Hundreds of flowers - Us, one garland - Nepali Sovereign, spread out from Mechi to Mahakali. A playground for millions of Nature's gifts By the blood of heroes, independent and immovable. Land of knowledge, land of peace, Terai, hills, mountains Indivisible - our beloved, motherland Nepal. multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi-religious and with a large culture progressive nation ours, oh great Nepal!
At the Kopan Monastery western foreigners stay and learn the ways of Buddhism. While staying in the Monastery you will take part in meditation sessions while taking part in traditional Lam Rim teachings. You will also take part in formal discussions and live on a vegetation diet.
The Swayambhunath complex is Nepal's number one tourist attractions. This ancient complex is also known as the Monkey Temple where in the east wing of the temple there are holy monkeys that are said by some to be no more than a mere legend. The Swayambhunath consists of a stupa and a variety of shrines and temples.
Coming in as Nepal's second largest tourist attraction the Boudhanath Stupa is one of the largest world heritage sites. The massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal. Located 6.8 miles from the center of Nepal's capitol Kathmandu this stupa reaches 118 feet in elevation (36 meters).
1846 Democratic Reform
In 1846 Jung Bahadur Rana took control of the Napalese government. During this time Nepal had a king and there government consisted of a Constitutional Monarchy. When Rana took control he turned the Napalese king into a powerless figure. He wanted to base the new government on those he had seen in European Countries, so he set on making himself the first Prime Minister.
1994 The Maoist Insurgency
In 1994 the elections led the forming of a new communist party called Maoist. The group was formed to replace the constitutional monarchy, using violence if necessary. By 1996 the Maoist attacks quickly spread. It gained support among the poor wanting land redistribution. As Maoist spread a 10 year civil war was ensued.
2001 Complications in Government
In 2001 Nepal's government became even more complicated. This happened when several members of the royal family were killed. Crowned Prince Dipendra had gone on a drunken killing spree causing the deaths of many people in the royal family who later killed himself. Leading to the crowning of his brother King Gyandendra only a few days later.
2014 Deadly Avalanche
In April of 2014 an avalanche on Mount Everest killed 13 Sherpa mountain guides. 3 other are missing but are presumed dead causing the devastation loss of 16 mountain guides. The loss of these guides and the avalanche has caused many Everest climbing expeditions to be canceled. Nepali government has plans to increase the insurance coverage for Sherpa guides.