Spartacus was born in 111 BC and was born in Thrace, Rome. Not much is known about his child hood but he had an extraordinary life in adult hood.
Enslavement and escape
Spartacus. was trained at a gladiator school near Capua belonging to a slave owner named Lentulus Batiatus. Then, in 73 b.c, Spartacus was among a group of slaves plotting an escape plan. About seventy slaves were apart of the escape. Although they had a small number, they attacked the small stuff first like the kitchens, the fought their way through their whole line of defense and acquired more escaped slaves and more artillery. Now on a defensible position on mount Vesuvius, the rebel slaves chose Spartacus and two Gallic slaves, Crixus and Oenomaus as their leaders, as they rebels started the Third Servile War.
Third Servile War
On Spartacus's way to invade Italy, the escaped slaves had recruited 90,000 to 120,000 escaped slaves into their ranks. During their voyage, one of the leaders Crixus, wanted to attack Rome, so Crixus and 30,000 men set sail to the city of Rome where he raided the hillsides. Later after a long hard battle, Crixus was defeated and killed.
At picenum in central Italy, Spartacus defeated the army of consuls, and then headed north and defeated the proconsul Gaul at Mutina. The alps were open to the rebels, but the Gauls and Germans refused to go, so Spartacus turned south to Rome after he won 2 more battles, which threw Rome in state of panic. Under a new military enforcer, Crassus was sent to deal with the rebellious army.
After running from Crassus army and only had a few engagements, Spartacus army was defeated near the Siler River in Italy. It is said that Spartacus died in the battle, but there were so many dead bodies that his could not be identified. About 6000 slaves were crucified to warn escaped slaves what would happen to them if they were found. About 5000 slaves escaped north but were captured by Crassus army marching back from spain.
Spartacus has inspired many TV shows and movies and books. The symbolism of Spartacus is that if you see a symbol of a warrior leading an army, it means that an uprising rebel that takes control, and does what he isn't supposed to. In a nutshell, a symbol of Spartacus means emancipation.