And Its Power Shifts
As a class, we did a simulation game on how the power can so easily shift in the country of Guatemala. Our goal was to understand how the balance of power can shift between groups of people and the impact of that shift on the people, economy, and stability of a country or region of the world. This simulation helped us later connect it to real world situations with the new knowledge we now have on the subject.
The Groups and Power
There were four different groups in this simulation. The Guerilla's, the government, and peasants, and the US. During this simulation, there were many different shifts in power. At the beginning of the game, the army and wealthy had the most power with a total of 180 military strength. The group with the second highest power were the Guerilla's that had a total to 120. The US came next with a total of 60 military strength units. the government had low amount of 20 military units and lastly with absolutely no power, was the peasants with o military strength units. Since the army and wealthy had the most power, the were able to control the government and because of this, the rest of the Guatemala citizens became poor with no strength at all, also known as the peasants. The US stayed a little secluded during the beginning, but made a did make big changes in power at the end.
Power shifted many times during the game simulation. At the beginning of the game, the army and wealthy had the most power because they had the most money and weapons. Their money and weapons were used to control the weak government, which is what caused the guerrillas to revolt and the peasants to be powerless. Within the first month, the first power shift took place between the army and wealthy and the guerrillas. The guerrillas gained the more power over the army and wealthy by forming an alliance with the government and the peasants soon joined them after in order to make a change in Guatemala. At the end of month two, the guerrillas remained in power, but the army and wealthy were beginning to become outnumbered with all the other groups coming together against them so they attempted to form an alliance with the US. The US decided that they would form an alliance with the guerillas if they were given more military strength units. This caused the army and wealthy to loose some strength so by the end of month three, the US decided to take all power from the groups which ended the game. The US is one of the most powerful nation in the world so that's why they were able to take control of the game. These many power shifts caused many different changes in the game as they also do in real life situations.
Cooperation and Conflict
This game simulation is played by the different conflicts and cooperation that took place. Cooperation is an act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit. Conflict is to come into collision or disagreement. Many of the different social groups showed cooperation all through out the game in the form of having negotiations in order to come to decisions and plans with each other. The groups that seemed to be the most cooperative with each other was the Guerrillas, the peasants, and the government. The army and wealthy had lots of conflict because of this and the US stayed independent through most of the time. Many negotiations were made with the US to try to get them on their side so that's why they were such a necessity for the army and wealthy to have them on their side. The conflict separated the groups onto two different sides. The conflict and cooperation never actually came to an end at the end of the game, but it is what shaped to whole game from beginning to end.
Role of the US
The US stayed independent and secluded for most of the game from all the other groups. They negotiated but they really did not make any changes or voice their opinions till the end of the game. Groups such as the guerrillas and the government proposed different ideas and changes to the US but they did not come to any agreements. The US ended up making an alliance with the army and wealthy in exchange for more military strength units in order to have more power. Though the US did not come to many agreements or make many alliances with other groups during negotiations, they did make many peace treaties with almost all groups in order to stay out of as much conflict as possible. At the end of month three the US decided to take all power which they were able to do by being the most powerful nation in the world. The US was the group that ended up in control in the end, causing them to play the biggest role by having the biggest effect on the game.
Power Shifts- Negative or Positive?
Depending on the specific situation, power shifts can be negative or positive. If there are many power shifts with in a short amount of time can be negative because this can show that the country is unstable and weak. In this games example, the power shift were good because with out it the army and wealthy would still be in controlling the government. This would cause the whole nation of Guatemala to still remain poor, increasing the amount of unhappy peasants. Power shifts have domino effects of the whole country. Some of the most important things looked upon during power shifts is the change in money and power. If the power shifts leaves a positive effect on those two things, then the change in power has been negative. If it has left a negative effect, then the change in power has been negative.
Conflict and Cooperation in my life
Everyone has had different situations of conflict and cooperation in their life including me. A current example I’ve seen of conflict and cooperation in my day to day life was when my dad had conflict with my neighbor about his dog. My neighbor never kept his dog on a leash so he was also getting out of his yard and coming over to our yard and tipping over our trash barrels. He took the trash bags out of barrel and ripped them open and there was trash all over our yard. This had happened a couple of times and we had to keep on bringing the dog back over to our neighbor’s house. My dad had finally had enough of picking up after the dog so when he went over to talk to our neighbor about it they got into an argument about where the dog was when it happened. They started to negotiate a little bit which helped them cooperate better. They came to the conclusion that the dog would now be left on a leash when it’s outside by itself. The problem was then resolved.
Conflict and Cooperation in the Real World
There has been conflict between the US and Russia on the Cuban Missile Crises. The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two nations came closest to nuclear conflict. The crisis was unique in many ways because there were featuring calculations and miscalculations as well as direct and secret communications and miscommunications between the two sides. The crisis was also characterized by the fact that it was primarily played out at the White House with relatively little input from the respective division government typically involved in the foreign policy process. The crisis was later resolved through the power of negotiation.