This is where the Aztec knew they found the right place to establish themselves.
This is a video on what would happen during human sacrifices.
- Practiced human sacrificing to please the sun god Huitzilopochtli
- Religion was based on belief in an unending struggle between forces of good and evil.
- Supreme gods called Ometeotl, which represented the all powerful force of the heaven
- This struggle between good and evil made Aztec people believed 4 worlds were created and those 4 were destroyed
- Also that they were living in the 5th world and that it too would be destroyed by earthquakes
- They had been told from the god of war Huitzilopochtli that when they saw an eagle pearched on a cactus growing out of a rock their journey would end.
- In 1325, under attack by another people they were driven into the swamps and islands of Lake Texcoco. On one of the Islands they saw an eagle standing on a prickly pear cactus on a rock. There they built Tenochtitlan. Now Mexico city and stayed their until the 1500’s when the spanish conquistadors arrived.
- The origins of the aztec are uncertain.
Their capital city of where they first established is now modern day Mexico City.
- Their Political structure was first a monarch.
- Then came the Council of lords and government officials assisted the Aztec Ruler
- Then came Warriors and last were the commoners and slaves
- Their type of government was Authoritarian which is favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority espicially that of the the government, at the expense of personal freedom
- Male children would go to temple school and once they reached adulthood they would choose a career in Military Service. For their services they would receive large estates from the government
- Aztec women could own and inherit property and enter into contracts something not often allowed in other world cultures at the time
- Also some were trained to become priests
Chocolate was one of the greatest things to come from Mexico.
They learned how to transform cocoa beans into sweet chocolate.
Other kinds of food
- They would grow Corn on their homeland which they would call it Maize.
- They would use Maize in order to grind it and turn it into Flour.
- the Mexicas (people of the Aztec Empire) ate chillies, tomatoes, limes, cashews, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, and of course chocolate.
- They hunted and fish very well
- With the flour they were able to make tortillas
- The Mexicas domesticated bees for honey, and turkeys for meat and eggs, also dogs and duck.
- They hunted and fished as well, and used animals such as deer, rabbits, iguana, fish and shrimp for food.
Weapons and Tools
- Maquahuitl is known to be one of the most known weapons of the aztects.
- one handed and two handed sort of like sword
- Made from wood (usually oak), they were about 3-4" wide and 3-4' long.
- The two handed versions might be slightly wider and as tall as a person.
- Embedded in the edges was obsidian (volcanic stone) or flint.
- cuauhololli was another weapon knows as a club
- mace made of wood with a ball at the end.
- sometimes just made of wood, other times with embedded stone as the maquahuitl.
- Another common ancient Aztec weapon was the spear
- They were extremely sharp and over 7 feet tall
- it had a blade that was a foot wide made of smaller stone blades in the end
- They are called tepoztopilli
- Aztec homes were made of adobe (sun dried brick made from adobe clay).
- Aztec doctors believed that everyone should have access to a steam bath - and so every Aztec home in Tenochtitlan (though not throughout the empire) had a separate building for that purpose.
- A fire was placed against the wall, and then water was poured on the hot wall creating the steam. Some would be more elaborate. The steam bath was called the temazcalli, which means "house to sweat".
- nobles had homes with a similar layout, but they would sometimes be made of better materials, such as lime or stone. These Aztec homes would be bigger and more elaborate.
- In the adobe walls would be the doors. It was common for the windows (if there were any) to have two parallel sides and then two sides of different length. This shape or rectangles were very basic in Aztec architecture.